In October, the auction house Christie’s for the first time will expose on sale of works of art created artificial intelligence. Machine learning is penetrating deeper into the culture, and lawyers are beginning to ask the question: who owns the copyright to the created algorithms work, and then get the money for the sale?
To at least try to answer this question, we need to understand exactly how artificial intelligence creates his works. For this purpose, generative-adversarial neural networks, consisting of two parts. One neural network learns the set of real-world works and trying to create your own. The second neural network estimates the results of the first as long as it does not create something similar to the real picture, a photograph, music or any other human creation.
The picture of the “GCHQ” memo Akten artist, sold for $8000
Assistant of the head of the law firm Cyberlaw Clinic on issues related to the Internet Jessica Feld believes that artificial intelligence is just a tool in the hands of the artist.
People deeply involved in every aspect of creation and training of artificial intelligence, and it will continue tomorrow and in the foreseeable future.”
Based on this, another question arises: who are the people involved in the training of neural networks, receives the rights to results of work? This man, according to Jessica and her colleagues must be the author of all the elements used at each stage of AI. This list includes sets for learning, the learning algorithm, the algorithm is ready, and finally the end product.
Having so wide spectrum of rights that the author can sell not only the product itself, but also to create his algorithm. This offer can be interesting to collectors, who are then able to create other unique creations.
The picture of the “Electric Fan” of the artist Tom white
Sometimes authors do not use AI free sets like ImageNet training, SoundNet and Google Art, and the content are protected by copyright.This approach to development can cause trial.
I am not aware of similar lawsuits on copyright, but I think that they will ever begin to arise.
Thus the artists who work with artificial intelligence, should not have any problems until they violate someone else’s copyright. In the future artificial intelligence can radically change the art as at the time the invention of photography changed painting. Curator of the exhibition Gradient Descent Kartik Kalyanaraman believes that neural networks are able to create new forms of art.
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