Astronomers have identified the potential home of the first interstellar visitor

Visited in October of last year our Solar system space object, called “Omwamwi” immediately attracted the attention of all the astronomers of the world. The intruder was discovered by an automated telescope Pan-STARRS1. He had a cigar-shaped form (which, among the scientists began arguing about what this object is), have dimensions of 228 35 meters, in dark red and moved very fast. One group of scientists even scanned it for signs of intelligent life (of course, found nothing).

The most important thing that attracted the attention of scientists is its trajectory. Omwamwi moved through the Solar system not like a regular asteroid. His path lay between the orbit of mercury and the Sun. This led researchers to believe that Omului (from Hawaiian means “messenger from afar, who came first”) is the first interstellar visitor who has visited our system.

Later astronomers determined that the object is actually not an asteroid, and “moderately active” comet. However, the mystery of his native system remained unresolved for researchers.

Using the most accurate currently three-dimensional map of our galaxy, astronomers have identified four star systems, of which Omwamwi could arrive to us. The discovery of cometary nature of the object that helped the researchers to obtain the first accurate data on the trajectory of Omoloi, tracing how changed his manner of flight through the Solar system after it passed near our star. These shifts generated by the emissions of gases with heated surfaces of interstellar “scout” has helped scientists to calculate the exact direction of its movement. On the findings of the researchers told the journal Astronomical Journal.

The trajectory of Omwamwi through the Solar system

Their work, the researchers began with the analysis of an unprecedented detailed maps of the location of the 1.7 billion stars, is composed with a probe Gaia European southern Observatory and published in April of this year. This is the second publication of data from the probe Gaia since the launch in December 2013.

This map shows not only the location of the stars. Using this map, astronomers can also determine the direction and speed with which stars move relative to us.

After that, the researchers counted all the stars were at a distance of about 2 parsecs (6,5 light years) from the line that was moving comet towards the Earth and the Sun, and calculated the conditions under which she could leave this star system.

In total, the trajectory crosses the neighborhood Omwamwi 28 stars, but only four of them, according to the calculations of astronomers, able to produce an object the size of Omwamwi moving at the right speed.

According to researchers, most likely birthplace of Omwamwi system is the red dwarf HIP 3757 in the constellation Cetus. A star removed from the Earth at 77 light years.

In addition, the list of potential candidates for the role of homeland Omwamwi included a sun-like star HD 292249 located from us at a distance of 135 light-years away in the constellation of the Unicorn. According to the calculations of astronomers, on a journey to the world of HIP 3757 HD 292249 comet would have spent about a million and four million years respectively.

Two other potential candidates for the role of the loved stars Omwamwi astronomers have identified NLTT and 2MASS J0233 36959. One is the constellation Cetus, another constellation Virgo. One is removed from us at 66 light years, another 300 light years. The researchers note that these luminaries in their properties resemble the Sun or other yellow and orange dwarfs.

According to scientists, neither one of these stars is not yet found any planets or signs of the presence of small celestial bodies that has not yet been possible to assert with confidence that one of them really was the birthplace of Omwamwi in the distant past. At the same time, a sharp contraction in the number of candidates for this role suggests what most stars produce such interstellar Wanderers and how many of them can be present in the Solar system.

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