When it comes to human health, many people mistakenly believe that bacteria are our enemies. They forget that they are very important for the body and performs a major role in the digestive process. Researchers from the University of Michigan found another useful function of bacteria — some of them living in the nasal cavity and throat of a person, is able to protect people from the flu virus. Perhaps in the future on their basis will be created medicines, and people will use antibiotics only if absolutely necessary.
Scientists have discovered a useful property of nasal microorganisms in the course of studying the statistics of the spread of influenza virus between members of the 144 families from Central America. The researchers selected a group of 537 healthy person, and they took samples of bacteria from the nose and throat to find out their type and number. They distributed the microorganisms into five groups and identified, the holders of which have proven to be more resistant to influenza virus and is not sick by the end of the study.
In their work the researchers took into account other factors influencing the risk of disease: age, vaccination, Smoking and the number of people in the family. In the end it turned out that people with a large number of Fusobacterium, 1, 1 Neisseria and Streptococcus 1 get the flu less often than others. It is noteworthy that these bacteria can be a source of other diseases.
According to chief study author Betsy Foxman, before you create based on these bacteria drugs they need to conduct many other scientific works. However, she notes that the use of bacteria for the prevention of diseases can save the antibiotics for more serious problems. Scientists want to use other methods to combat flu, for example, patches with vaccines.
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