Invented at the dawn of the 21st century, graphene has already found its application in many fields of science and technology. And even gave the scientists who studied him the Nobel prize. However, two-dimensional structure like that of carbonaceous material have been predicted for other elements of the Periodic system of chemical elements and unusual properties of one of these substances have recently been studied. And this substance called “blue phosphor”.
Phosphorus generally a very interesting chemical element. He has several forms called allotropic modifications. It was known 4 forms under the names white, red, purple and black phosphorus, which differ in lattice structure. A few years ago, scientists predicted the possible existence of and 5 shapes, but only recently managed to prove its existence and study some properties.
As the publication of the New Atlas, a group of researchers from the Berlin center of materials and energy Helmholtz modification by placing the phosphorus on a substrate of gold found the structure of phosphorus are very similar in structure to graphene.
In the structure of blue phosphorus atoms have the honeycomb structure as graphene, but a little “stand” on the surface of the substrate due to the presence of gold
The characteristics of the building material provide, and quite unique features. Already mentioned above, black phosphorus has a relatively good conductivity and some researchers have predicted his electronics the position of the “new silicon”, but after studying the blue phosphorus has revealed that he is much better able to accommodate them.
Using photoelectron spectroscopy with angular resolution, the scientists measured the level of distribution of electrons in the crystal lattice and found that it has an energy capacity of 2 electron-volts, which is 7 times more than that of black phosphorus. According to the author of Oliver Rader,
“Until now, researchers have mainly used bulk black phosphorus for the production of thin atomic layers. Our work not only indicates the properties of the new two-dimensional modification of phosphorus, but also highlights the impact of supporting substrate on the behavior of electrons in a blue phosphorus, which is an important parameter for applications in optoelectronics.”
This and other news you can discuss in our chat in Telegram.