In 1990 the Grand scheme of Jean-Louis Gasse, the essence of which was simple: “lifting prices of a Mac and two times higher than the cost to invest profits in the development of the world’s best computers and operating systems”, stopped working.
As a result, gathered on a hot October day in Cupertino, the journalists were literally shocked by the appearance of new, very cheap (in their opinion) Macs among the new products was the Macintosh Classic, a complete copy of the Macintosh SE, only without the PDS slot and in a better case (from the past), Macintosh IIsi, which writing fraternity called the Macintosh IIci “on a diet”, and for the first time in the history of the platform, Mac the name of which directly and clearly reflected its main property is “cheap.” It was a Macintosh LC.
Cheaper all at the festival of unprecedented generosity was the Macintosh Classic, for only $ 999. But black and white 9-inch screen, the maximum memory is 4 Megabytes, and the same 68000… According to journalists, it was not serious, but it has found its customers: schools, the country’s second and third world, the Soviet Union.
Yet unofficially, the ban on the export to the socialist countries 32-bit technology was still in force, but the Mac and in 1990 it was already sold, and the chassis was Classic.
But the main hero of the story he did not, and the computer that was cheap by name, and its main purpose, the Macintosh LC.
Not cheap and not cheerful
In October 1990, introducing our main character, named him the intended price, he was worth three thousand dollars. This is without a monitor. Color (256 colors!) monitor with a diagonal of 30 centimeters (12 inches) cost $ 600. Total, $ 3,600, Yes, and 1990.
LC – the second and last Mac with a 68000 processor inside. The first was the first modular Mac, the Macintosh II, which cost at 5498 dollars, almost twice the estimated price for the novelty. From the Macintosh II “El si” was distinguished by the inability to expand, so the coprocessor for floating point numbers it is not only not there, but it was impossible to install (without surgical intervention).
The LC was the only expansion slot, LC PDS (Processor Direct Slot) for which Apple offered two Cards of their own design, for a fee, of course. One has emulated the Apple IIe, opened the second Ethernet access. They cost 250 and $ 400, respectively.
But in schools where the accumulated deposits of software for the Apple II, LC can be used as a gaming computer. Or training, among the games met and the curriculum.
Emulator supported program for all Apple II models except the Apple IIgs.
LC supported 8-bit color, which should sound proudly. Believe it or not, it was, and not only in the USSR.
In January 1991, the LC started to be sold, but not for 3000, only 2499 dollars. Right another attraction of unprecedented generosity. Educational institutions have acquired it at a huge discount, the amount of which, for reasons unknown to me, were not disclosed.
Billed as a computer for education, home and small businesses, mostly he left it in education.
It is amazing but true: LC sold well, for it was created in cards, and in schools in the us and the canadian Outback, they are still working.
Performa 400 and a Performa 450
What does some mysterious Performa? Very with it. The next generation of Macintosh LC, Macintosh LC II, sold to ordinary consumers as the Performa 400, as the configuration of LC II and his household’s a little different. Logistics! Reporting easier to organize. Probably.
On 23 March 1992, the LC II has replaced just LC, which on the same date was deprecated. The new model was the “adult” 68030 overclocked to 16 MHz, it was suggested, to choose from, the hard disk 40, 80 or 160 Megabytes, and in educational version you can buy at all without a hard drive.
Cost LC II $ 1400 for the configuration with 4 MB of RAM and a disk of 40 MB.
Less than a year, as not and the light appeared another representative of the model series, predictably named the LC III, and the Performa 450. In addition to the clock frequency, which grew up to 25 MHz, and the base configuration distributed in the free market for the same $ 1400 (4/80), nothing has changed.
Happened the update 10 February 1993. It was the first in the history of the company product index III, who did not suffer market failure. At the time I programmed day and night, we had all hands on deck, but a brochure with a beautiful picture of this computer was lying on the table near the entrance to the office.
I began to wonder: what would they call the next LC? Is LC IV? But I guess not. 18 October 1993 had a major lineup upgrade LC. In a new, more attractive building, which was used only for this model, there was a LC III+. The clock frequency is increased to 68030 33 MHz motherboard came plug for installing a coprocessor for floating point numbers, and raised the price. Because the Scully era ended, three days before, and both models, LC III and LC III+ was sold at the same time without interfering with one another. October 21, it added another colleague.
LC is entering a new era
This time it was for an adult. The 68LC040 processor with a clock frequency of 25 MHz, and three refer to practically the same computer, in three different configurations.
LC 475 was designed exclusively for the education market, and was worth 1085 dollars. It is the same in the home version of the computer was known as Performa 475, and was worth $ 1,800. The third option, “small business”, called Quadra 605, and sold in two variants.
How they are different from representative small businesses from members of other target groups, I don’t know. Neither externally nor by ID (which, without the slightest problem to use the rights, or the membership card of the library) it can’t be quantified.
According to my information, the Quadra 605 was sold in two versions for 900 and 1300 dollars. I’m in this Quadra is no different, except for housing specifically designed for it, not found.
Another mystery… so be it.
This is only the first five models LC, and all of them was 12, including on PowerPC, but more on that in a later article, about the second generation of PowerPC processors.