Red planet, watch out. To Elon musk, Jeff Bezos and NASA officially a part of China. It is not excluded that the statement of the Chinese space Agency plans to send humans to Mars is caused by the desire of China to establish a base on the moon. The moon, from the point of view of many specialists, looks a springboard for long space flights. Moreover, the development of the satellite of our planet will adopt China’s status as a space power.
China prepares for manned lunar missions, including the creation of a manned scientific Outpost. It is reported by leading national space contractor China Aerospace Science and Technology Corp. The company representatives said that the ultimate goal of lunar expeditions of China to lay the scientific and technical basis for manned flights to Mars. The next step for China will be manned exploration of the moon. The country intends to create a base on the moon to conduct research, extension, habitat of humanity and to gain experience and knowledge for expeditions into deep space beyond the moon. Long-term goal is to send humans to Mars.
This is the first time in history, when China publicly announced a plan manned missions to the Red planet. Pan Jihao, Explorer of space technology in Beijing, told the publication China Dailythat humanity is very important to reach Mars, adding that some Chinese scientists are going to implement a manned mission to Mars before 2050. According to researchers, sending astronauts to Mars will provide more opportunities to search for traces of life on the red planet. In our Solar system most similar to Earth of Mars, so the study of the possibility of the existence there of life will allow a better understanding of the origin and evolution of life on our home planet.
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I note that some scientists believe that billions of years ago Mars was very Earth-like from the point of view of the environment. Not so long ago was found evidence of the existence on Mars of an ancient oasis, so a manned mission would allow for extended investigations. It is possible that the results of research will be able to predict the future of the Earth. Indeed, if the existing unmanned mission found traces of water on Mars, the cosmonauts is to send and even establish outposts to explore the possibility of interplanetary large-scale immigration in the event of a catastrophic unforeseen circumstances on the Ground, such as a collision with an asteroid. And, perhaps, in the case of problems caused by climate change. I can not mention that the plans of China at the moment are pretty realistic — at least none of what the colonization of Mars, which by the way, is a big question, not a speech. At least not yet.
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Will people live on Mars?
As once said by American engineer and television host bill Nye, Mars can’t breathe. And that’s the least of the problems to be faced by future colonists. Scientists and engineers must overcome many difficulties to send a manned mission to Mars. First, Mars is very far away from Earth — the closest distance is 55 million kilometers. This means that the flight there and back will take more than 500 days. Secondly, the launch of a manned rocket on the trajectory of Earth-Mars will require that the missile could fly at a very high speed. Besides, do not forget cosmic radiation. A recent study found that radiation adversely affects the brain, and in the case of a long stay in space, even in a state of suspended animation, the first colonizers of Mars at risk of land not as bright as before.
Other factors that should be taken into account include the lack of communication between the space ship associated with Mars and Earth, the serviceability of energy sources to maintain operations on Mars and the risks to the health of astronauts caused by extended stay on another planet. Reduced bone mineral density, cosmic radiation and the mental health of the astronauts will endanger the entire mission as a whole. Scientists need to develop reliable bioregenerative life-support system. And yet, today we must recognize that the existing technology is not good enough for a manned mission to Mars.
What do you think, will we ever get to Mars or the Red planet will remain a loud statement of billionaires and other national space agencies? Share your thoughts in the comments and with members of our Telegram chat.
But before drawing conclusions, let’s wait for results of the joint work of NASA and SpaceX. In the end, the best solution to the problems associated with a manned mission to the Red planet will be the decision of scientists around the world to unite for a common goal, not for the interests of individual States and their replacement, or, as in the case of China, the permanent leaders.