Beijing is going to organize a manned mission to the moon and to build on the moon research base over the next decade, announced on 24 April, local Chinese media referring to officials of the China national space administration. China is trying to acquire the status of a space superpower, and, admittedly, made a very big step, the first ever soft landing by a spacecraft on the surface of the back side of the moon in early January of this year.
For further progress, China adopted an even more ambitious and bold plan in the next ten years to build the lunar South pole research station. This statement was made by head of the Chinese national space administration (CNSA) Zhang Cazzani during his speech at a special event dedicated to the Day space, reports state news Agency Xinhua.
In addition, the administrator of the CNSA added that Beijing is going to send to the 2020 Mars probe, and also confirmed plans to launch the fourth lunar mission “Chang’e-5” at the end of this year. Originally this mission was planned for 2017, but had to delay due to the failed launch of the powerful Chinese rockets Long March 5 Y2 in July 2017.
On the occasion of day of space has also made the statement that the first launch of new heavy carrier rocket Long March-5 will take place in the first half of 2020. During this launch, on-orbit is planned to place the first key elements of the new space station Tiangong (“heavenly Palace”), a full operation which should begin in 2022. The station will have to “take the place” of the ISS, a joint project of USA, Russia, Canada, Japan and several European countries — whose formal operation will end in 2024.
Recall that last week China also announced plans to study the asteroid and comet with a space probe. To participate in this project invites China and other countries.
At the moment the satellite Ground running Rover “WiTu-2” mission “Chang’e-4”, which is paired with a landing module explores the geological features of the back surface of the satellite. This mission also involved Germany, the Netherlands and Sweden. Their space Agency has provided for the various scientific equipment.
In the video below prepared by one of the local Chinese media, presents the latest space achievements of China.
At the moment China is spending on civil and military programs of space exploration any more than do Russia and Japan, behind only the United States of America. Exact figures are unknown, but according to the Organization for economic cooperation and development in 2017 China space budget amounted to $ 8.4 billion.
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