China is building a particle accelerator that will be two times more and seven times more powerful belonging to the CERN Large hadron Collider. Martin Rees, known for his contributions to the science of the formation of black holes, extragalactic radio sources and the evolution of the universe, believes that there is a chance that this Chinese Collider will lead to “a disaster that will engulf the space itself”. Contrary to popular view, the vacuum space is not empty. According to Rice, the vacuum contains “all the forces and particles that govern the physical world”.
He adds that there is a possibility that the vacuum we observe in reality, “fragile and unstable”. This means that when the LHC creates a kind of TANK unimaginably concentrated energy, colliding particles and smashing them, he can create a “phase transition” that would rip the very fabric of space-time and cause a cosmic calamity, not just earth.
Collider: made in China
There is a theory that quarks can be grouped into a compressed object called “stripelike”. By themselves they are harmless. However, according to some hypotheses straplike can “infect” everything nearby, and turn it into a new form of matter. All the Land in this case would have turned into a hyperdense sphere about one hundred meters in diameter — the size of a football field.
Building blocks of matter in our Universe formed during the first 10 microseconds of its existence, follows from the generally accepted scientific picture of the world. After the Big Bang, which was 13.7 billion years ago, matter consisted mostly of quarks and gluons, two types of elementary particles, interaction of which determines the quantum chromodynamics (QCD), the theory of the strong interaction. In the early Universe, these particles move almost freely in a quark-gluon plasma. Then, during the phase transition, they came together and formed hadrons, among them the building blocks of atomic nuclei, protons and neutrons.
The experiments with the highest energy on the planet in 2018 with the ALICE detector at the Large hadron Collider at CERN produced the substance in which particles and antiparticles exist in equal quantities with high precision, as in the very early Universe. The team confirms the analysis of the experimental data with the theoretical prediction that the phase transition between the quark-gluon plasma and hadronic matter occurs at a temperature of 156 MeV. This temperature is 120 000 times higher than in the solar interior.
Although since then, as in the CERN laboratory appeared two yellow dots, indicating that protons were activated, there were a lot of unfounded assumptions, CERN has always stressed that all work carried out on the Collider is safe and that “the nature repeatedly committed her to the Earth and other astronomical bodies.”
TANK has officially statedthat “the Collider has been working for eight years in search of strapeless and found nothing”.
“Terrible second possibility is that the quarks in a short perenosyatsya objects straplike,” writes Rice. However, he brings the fear to a minimum, simply noting that “innovation is often fraught with dangers,” but “the physicists must be careful in performing experiments that create unprecedented conditions, even in space.”
Since its opening in 2008, the LHC became the world center of research in elementary particle physics. In the tunnel with a length of almost 30 kilometers in circumference and at a depth of 200 meters beneath the surface of the Swiss-French border TANK pushes and smashes subatomic particles to almost the speed of light and makes breakthrough discoveries, for example, found the Higgs boson. But fundamental questions about our universe remain unanswered, and many of the proposed solutions lie outside the current reach of the LHC.
But his successor can succeed — and China just builds itself.
Chinese magnet with a circumference of nearly 60 kilometers will be twice the TANK and will be located near the Chinese city of Qinhuangdao in the coastal end of another huge project last, great wall of China. The Chinese plan, however, does not exclude competition. There are two proposals — the Japan international linear Collider electron-positron Collider, the Future circular Collider at CERN proton-proton Collider, which is located in Europe. Chinese monster should come into work until 2055 and will define the limits of physics for the next two generations.
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