According to the data of European social survey, Russians more than other Europeans do not believe in the changing climate. Note that the survey was conducted from 2016 to 2017, so it is not excluded that today the situation has changed. However, regardless of whether you believe in climate change or not, the findings of a study published in the journal The Lancet, says that global warming has a negative impact not only on the health of adults, but also on the status of each child on our planet. Moreover, scientists say that a child born today will live in a world four degrees warmer (in comparison with pre-industrial figures), and climate change will have far-reaching implications for human health from infancy to adolescence, maturity and old age.
Recently we told you about the statement 11 of the thousands of scientists who have called for an emergency climate situation. The world as we know it is changing rapidly and not for the better. And while the older generation, who are often heads of state, dismiss the problems associated with climate change, members of generation Z are protesting around the world, requiring governments to take decisive action. And this is not surprising, because they have to live in the world, so kindly created by adults. But worst of all, scientists will have children born today.
The catastrophic effects of climate change
Lancet Countdown is an international project of the medical journal The Lancet, which examines climate change and its impact on health. According to the report, published November 13, already today, climate change is detrimental to the health of all children on Earth. The report confirms the urgency of recent calls to action from youth around the world, in particular from 16-year-old eco-enhancing Greta Thunberg, who criticized politicians all over the world for what they have not done enough to combat the changing climate.
The report is based on international interdisciplinary collaboration between scientists and presents the results and consensus of 35 leading academic institutions and UN agencies. The report draws on the expertise of climatologists, ecologists, mathematicians, engineers, experts in the field of energy, food and transport, economists, sociologists, political scientists, public health officials and doctors who conducted a thorough analysis of the collected data.
“Many of the indicators contained in the report suggest that the world follows the path of “business as usual”. The selected trajectory will lead to a fundamentally changed world,” the researchers write.
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Recall that in 2015 many heads of States signed the Paris agreement on the climate in which the goal was “to hold the increase in global average temperature below 2°C above pre-industrial levels and efforts to limit the increase in average temperature of 1.5°C”. If this goal is realizable, then a child born today will become a witness of how in 2050 the amount of harmful emissions into the atmosphere reaches zero. The researchers note that the path of development of events is possible. Moreover, it will have a positive impact on people’s health.
However, if targets identified in the Paris agreement, will not be realized, and humanity will continue to go down the same path, the consequences will be catastrophic.
Our common bleak future
Since 1960 the yield potential of all major crops is declining worldwide. It threatens food production and food security. Researchers have noted that babies often suffer the brunt of malnutrition. Moreover, since the planet is getting warmer, the transmission of many diseases is becoming easier. It threatens a variety of epidemics, the victims of which will become mostly children. And this is only the beginning of the impact of climate change on health and people’s lives. Air pollution, which is aggravated by climate change, affects children, adolescents and adults, causing damage to vital organs, including the heart and lungs.
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As they grow older, adolescents increase the frequency and severity of extreme weather events will only grow. It is a threat to families and affects their access to sources of livelihood. Today people around the world felt the impact of extreme weather events. According to scientists, on a global scale 77% of the countries faced the effects of major forest fires over the last 20 years. In low-income burden of this type of extreme weather events almost completely falls on individuals and households. Extreme heat and heat waves will be exacerbated, especially in Europe. Over the past two decades, from 1990 to 2018, the population in all regions of the world has become more vulnerable to heat. Temperature increase and heat waves will limit the capacity of many population groups.
Migration, growing poverty, violent conflict and mental illness are additional problems that await future generations, but scientists say that at the moment it is difficult to quantify their impact.
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Is there any hope for a bright future?
Despite the fact that the authors of the report argue that to date not taken sufficient action to combat climate change, they point to some trends that give cause for hope. So, cities and health systems worldwide to gradually adapt and become more resilient to the impacts of climate change. And all the results of the Lancet report Countdown 2019 shows that there is still a lot of work. In the end, to change course, required global changes in Economics, politics and business.