Titan is the largest moon of Saturn and the only after Earth celestial body, where there are real rivers and lakes are filled with liquid. In order to create a map of the entire surface of Titan, NASA scientists used the information received from the Cassini mission that shows a varied terrain of mountains, plains, valleys, craters and methane-ethane lakes of the satellite.
Looks like a Titan?
The spacecraft Cassini orbited Saturn for 13 years, capturing information about the surroundings of the giant planet and its retinue of satellites between 2004 and 2017. The mission included more than 100 flights near Titan , the largest satellite of the planet that allowed the researchers to see the surface of the moon of Saturn through its dense atmosphere with an unprecedented beachfront development detail.
Rosalie Lopez, a planetary scientist from the jet propulsion Laboratory of NASA in California, has developed a unique surface map of Titan, based on radar measurements and photographs of the satellite. The researcher believes that Titan is very similar to Earth in many ways. So, the atmosphere of Saturn satellites are very similar to earth but on the moon’s surface is wind and rain, hills and mountains. According to experts, if humanity somewhere and will be able to find one extraterrestrial life, then this place probably will be Titanium.
See also: Lakes on Titan can suddenly explode
As reported in the journal Nature, two-thirds of Titan’s surface consists of flat plains, 17% of the satellite is covered with dunes, formed by wind and 14% of the surface, the hills and mountains. In addition, due to the fact that on the surface of the moon of Saturn almost no impact craters, planetary scientists are inclined to believe this world is relatively young by cosmic standards.
Titan is the only world in the Solar systemon which scientists have been able to find a liquid. However, if most of the liquid presented in the form of H2O is known to all, then all of Titan seas and lakes filled with liquid methane, covering only 1.5% of the surface of the satellite.
According to the map, most of the lakes of Titan, near its North pole, which may be associated with an elliptical orbit which Saturn revolves around the Sun. So, upon approaching a pair of Saturn — Titan to the Sun, the Northern hemisphere of the satellite begins to experience a fairly long summer season, when the precipitation is liquid, filling local lakes and the sea.
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One of the most promising and anticipated missions which must find its realization in 2034, should be the mission of the Dragonfly, during which made in the laboratories of NASA drone will go to Titan to study the detailed details of the moon’s surface. Due to the fact that in the next decade, scientists do not expect other missions directed towards Saturn, to create a map of the surface of the largest and most famous moon of a giant planet is likely to be our best global view of Titan in the foreseeable future.