Developed contraceptives that can be taken only once a month

Today birth control pills are considered one of the most popular means of protection against unwanted pregnancy. According to statistics, in USA oral contraceptive take 12% of women aged 15 to 49 years. However, to be most effective, they must be taken every day without any gaps. Unfortunately, in today’s fast pace of life, some people still forget to take the pill and in the end about 9% receiving contraceptives pregnant women. However, researchers from mit have managed to create pills that need to drink only once a month. It is believed that thanks to them, the probability of skipping pills will be significantly reduced.

The authors of the study and their tablets

According MIT News, an active substance that prevents pregnancy, remain the same. In this study, However, scientists put them inside gelatin capsules, which are attached to the biodegradable core and form a star shape. In the initial state, the capsules are stacked together, but once they get into the stomach — they open like an umbrella. Because of this, capsules contraceptives remain in the stomach and in the course of the month gradually released. As a result, women no longer need to take them daily and should be swallowed at the beginning of each month.

The appearance of the expanded capsules. It looks a bit scary

Contraceptives that you can drink once a month

In General, the technology gradually release medication over a long period of time is not new. Previously, researchers had already concluded inside gelatin capsules malaria drugs and HIV, which also had to be taken every day without interruption. But then the bill gates Foundation and his wife have funded the current work to create contraceptives with a long action. The reason for this was the results of a study which said that people learn the frequency of medication that you should drink weekly, or monthly.

Schematic image of the working cycle of pills

In order to achieve a gradual release of funds over the month, the researchers had to use more durable materials that do not decompose in the stomach longer than usual. Experiments on pigs have proven that the new capsules with the addition of two specific types of PU can withstand up to four weeks of stay in the acidic environment of the stomach. It is noteworthy that the concentration of contraceptives in the blood of pigs every day was the same as if they were given regular daily pills.

Did you know that scientists have found a way to put pregnancy on pause?

In the course of dissolution of active substances remains of the capsule and the core is gradually removed from the body through the digestive tract. According to study author Robert Langer, they created tablets are one of a kind, the effect of which lasts for a month.

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When such drugs will be available is still unknown. Whatever it was, scientists would have to conduct other studies and make sure that they are completely safe for people. Then they will have to wait for permission from various regulators, including the Management on sanitary inspection behind quality of foodstuff and medicines (FDA).

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