Blood is one of the most important components of our body. Its properties are well known to us, right? Red blood cells (RBCs) help to carry oxygen, white blood cells (lymphocytes) protect our body. Moreover, due to the blood to all organs and tissues are delivered the nutrients and vitamins. Thanks to the blood occur in almost all metabolic processes. But recently scientists have identified another property of the blood cells. It turns out that they can play an important role in the processes of tissue regeneration.
As the blood promotes healing
According to the edition of the journal Cell Reports, a group of scientists from the Oxford biomedical research centre managed to prove that one of the subtypes of T lymphocytes (namely, MAIT-cells) can participate actively in the processes of tissue repair. But first, let’s see, well represent the MAIT cells. Being the kind of T-lymphocytes, responsible for immunity, MAIT cells are thus in a considerable quantity are available in the mucous membranes, liver, joint capsule, and at sites of inflammation and tissue damage. While MAIT-cells there are 2 mechanism of action. The first, which is logical, protective and linked to the main specialization of cells. It is aimed at, roughly speaking, the identification and destruction of pathogens and other dangerous biological agents. But the second, regenerative, already much more interesting. If you are interested in this topic, we recommend to subscribe to our news channel in the Telegram, in order not to miss the most important news.
MAIT-cells are unique cells. First, they have changed little in the evolutionary plan that speaks about their importance for our body as a whole. And secondly, MAIT cells are present not only in humans but in other animals, this means that the mechanisms work is important for the maintenance of life of a vast number of species of living organisms. — says one of the authors Dr Timothy Hinks.
When MAIT cells are in contact with disease-causing agents, they are activated and include in the damaged tissues the genes that start the regeneration process. And that is remarkable, other ways of activation of regenerative processes under such conditions there is practically no in our body. However, scientists suggest that there are ways to activate MAIT cells without, say, “infection”.
See also: which human blood can be painted in blue color?
The authors make the assumption that you can use natural and synthetic vitamin-like molecule. But this is only a guess. In General, if scientists could find a way to activate MAIT cells in tissues, the recently inaugurated mechanism of tissue regeneration can help to deal with such diseases (and their consequences), such as chronic peptic ulcer of stomach and duodenal ulcers, Crohn’s disease , and other injuries of the gastrointestinal tract. This organocomplex was isolated by scientists in the first place for the reason that the bowel is abundantly lined with mucous membrane that contains large amounts of MAIT cells.