An international group of scientists consisting of geologists, glaciologists, biologists, cartographers, climatologists, climbers and just romantics during the expedition of the National geographic society and the Nepalese Tribhuvan University, in partnership with Rolex was established on Everest five weather stations. Two of them are a multidisciplinary team of daredevils set a record for setting altitudes — 7945 meters and 8430 meters.
In addition, the researchers conducted a comprehensive study of the ecosystem of mount Everest to understand how they are influenced by global climate change. The results of the work done according to National Geographic and a press release of the University of Maine.
In early 2019, the National geographic society launched a project Perpetual Planet Extreme Expeditions, which planned to hold a series of research expeditions. The task of each is to study the effects of climate change in the mountains, rain forests and oceans. In April, we launched the first expedition to Everest. It was attended by 30 experts from 8 countries, including 17 researchers from Nepal.
“This is a new window on the world”, commented the work done by the head and senior research specialist of the expedition Paul Majewski from the University of Maine.
In mid-April, the group reached base camp on Everest (a height of 5000 meters), where he held a collection of the most accurate photometric about this place. For this purpose scientists actively use drones. In the future, in conjunction with aerial imagery will enable you to create the most detailed map of the area.
The map of the expedition
Over the next two months the expedition has been studying the ecosystem of mount Everest to understand how they are influenced by climate change. In the course of their work, scientists at the peak altitude found life, two kinds of insects. At around 5500 meters, the researchers found a centipede, a hundred meters above — caddis.
Up above, the researchers took samples with the highest glacier in the world (Kern), located at an altitude 8020 meters, as well as samples of snow and water of glacial lakes, including samples of microplastics. Kern, like the rings of trees can tell scientists about what happened to the glacier over time of its formation. Thus, further analysis of this material will help to understand how changing atmospheric conditions on Everest in the process of industrialization and global climate change.
“Global climate change is one of the most difficult problems that faced humanity. And still have much to learn about how global warming has already changed our planet from the highest year to the deepest oceans,” says Jonathan Bailey, Vice President and chief research specialist of the National geographic society.
The installation of the highest meteorological station at around 8430 meters
Photo for memory after successful installation
Where is the highest weather station?
During the expedition meteorologists also found on Everest five automatic weather stations. One of them was located at a record altitude of 8430 feet. All stations will be used to monitor temperature, relative humidity, pressure, and speed and direction of the wind. Received data will be available to researchers, climbers and the General public in near real time.
It should be noted that the title of the most high-mountainous meteorological station also belonged to the system established on Everest. It is located at 8000 meters and was established by Italian scientists in 2011, in the framework of the research project Everest Share 2011. And most high-mountainous meteorological station of Russia, Sulak, located in Dagestan — it is established at 2927 meters.
Not so long ago we reported that the Everest was held General cleaning. Mount cleared of debris and corpses of the hapless daredevils, who are not lucky enough to conquer this majestic peak in the world.
Photos National Geogrpaphic.
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