Our intestinal microflora consists of a large number of bacteria that live with us in symbiosis and help in the processes of digestion and assimilation of food. However, as it turned out, the microflora can have a much greater potential impact on the body. Not so long ago a group of scientists from the USA found a number of intestinal bacteria that can prevent the development of obesity.
What bacteria will save you from obesity
As reported in the journal Science, these beneficial bacteria belong to the class clostridia in the gut may be from 20 to 30 different species. In the course of research scientists, led by Professor Zach Stevens found that laboratory mice, when the loss of clostridia from the intestine begin to gain weight even if they eat correctly. Moreover, the return in this class of microbes animals allowed them to return the indices of body weight to normal.
Now that we found bacteria responsible for the slimming effect, we can understand what microorganisms do and how to extract this therapeutic value. — scientists say.
How bacteria can help you lose weight
Discovered Clostridium prevent weight gain by blocking the ability of the intestine to absorb fats. Mouse experimentally “treated” in such a way that clostridia were the only bacterialiving in their gut were more lean and less fat than their relatives, who did not have germs. They also had lower levels of the CD36 gene, which regulates the body’s absorption of fatty acids, which can also have an impact on the recruitment of extra pounds. But the most important discovery was waiting for scientists to come: the correct bacterial balance in the digestive tract by Cesena can prevent the development of diabetes.
Bacteria and diabetes
Scientists realized that one of the functions of the immune system is to maintain a balance between different types of bacteria in the gut. The weakening of the protective forces of the body can cause some types of bacteria will dominate over the other. And then this shift has a negative impact on health.
This is interesting: How good bacteria can turn into harmful.
Following this logic, the scientists have determined that the obesity observed in mice with weakened immune systems, stems from the inability of the body’s defense system to properly recognize bacteria. This change made the intestines less hospitable to Clostridium, which led to greater absorption of fat and excessive weight gain. Over time, the majority of these mice developed signs of diabetes 2 type.
We stumbled on a relatively unexplored aspect of type 2 diabetes and obesity, say scientists. Our work will open new possibilities in the study of how diabetes occurs and how to prevent and cure.
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