Bad news for lovers of fruit juice. According to recent studies, excessive consumption of this drink increases the risk of premature death. I hope you remember that frequent drinking of sugary drinks have a negative impact on health, however, in the case of fruit juices the situation is even worse. The fact that fructose, as if the juice producers call it, whether “real” or “natural” remains in fructose, the use of which can result in health problems. Thus, fruit juices are still positioned as useful for children, although the amount of sugar in some of them not inferior to its quantity in other sweet beverages.
Is there any benefit from fruit juice?
If you care about your health, you probably know that moderate consumption of fruit juice is good for health. The fact that earlier studies had shown a link between antioxidants and flavonoids in orange juice and the prevention of cancer. Furthermore, regardless of age, the human brain consumes the lion’s share available to the body sugar for energy.
But a new study published in the journal Jama Network Open a group of scientists from Emory University, the University of Alabama and Cornell University shows that consumption of fruit juice more than doubles the risk of premature death compared with other sweet drinks.
Compare oranges with oranges
The study focused on the effect of eating fruit juices for “overall mortality”. Earlier studies have investigated a possible link between juice consumption and risk of coronary heart disease (CHD), such as dyslipidemia, diabetes and obesity. Thus, the purpose of this study was to determine whether increases juice consumption the risk of premature death in General.
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Data analyzed in the study were taken from a nationwide study REGARDS (dedicated to the causes of stroke according to geographical and racial origin). The study involved 13 440 adults, whose average age was 63.6 years. 59.3% of men, 40.7 per cent and 68.9% were white not Hispanic. Seventy percent of subjects were overweight or obese.
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REGARDS, the researchers re-interviewed the subjects every 6 months until 2013. Among the subjects there were about 1,000 deaths from all causes, and 168 deaths from CHD. The researchers note that the subjects were personally informed about your consumption of carbonated beverages, sweet soft drinks with fruit flavor and natural sweet 100% fruit juices. Study participants were also asked to report their dietary habits.
In the study, researchers calculated the percentage of total energy consumption (TE) of each participant and the percentage of sugar obtained as a result of drinking sugary drinks or fruit juice. On average, subjects received approximately 8.4% of energy from drinking sweet drinks and juices is just below the threshold of high consumption. After the experts took into account other risk factors for cardiovascular disease in those who have received more than 10% of energy from sugary drinks and fruit juices, the risk of mortality from ischemic heart disease increased by 44%, and the mortality rate of the total reasons — 14%. Looking for one only fruit juice, the researchers came to the conclusion that every additional 360 ml, up to 10% of your increase TE risk of premature death by as much as 24%. For comparison, sugary drinks increase it by 11%.
Do I need to drink fruit juice?
Before finally say goodbye to fruit juices, is familiar with the results of earlier studies, which state that moderate consumption of juice can reduce the risk of problems with IBS. At the same time, a high level of sugar in the juice continues to be a threat, being a potential trigger for weight gain, development of diabetes, fatty liver disease and other serious health problems.
In General, the experts recommend to use natural juices with no added sugar, and total intake of fruit juice to limit the following:
- 120-180 ml per day children aged 1 to 6 years;
- 240 ml per day for children older than 7 years, adolescents and adults