Carbonation is not sending users of the software in the late Paleozoic, is the process of moving programs in Carbon. In a modern OS. Steve promised it in the third quarter of 1999. While the Carbon was not, it was so easy!
At WWDC-98 had a lot of interesting in addition to Carbon. Re-presentation of the iMac, the first was held a few days before this, we (Apple IMC) this thing was not.
In the lobby of the conference center, the conference organizers have put multiple instances of the iMac, to pick apart the participants. Asking stupid questions and listening to the stupid answers, I lingered in the hall – and to get the iMac at your disposal on the 15 minutes I had to stand in a long queue…
At the same time he met his future employer, who stood in line after me, with Joe Birmingham. Agree on the views on life, shared coordinates, neither of which we did not go.
Tried iMac, sent a short letter to a colleague (“sent from my iMac” framed robot, for three weeks I envied), found that mouse in the shape of a hockey puck when pressed does not light, at least I inherited instance…
This question, for some reason, was interested in all my friends in the first place. And I don’t remember, were there mice in the iMac “Rev. A”. The world is changing, and mice…
I don’t know why the mouse is in the shape of a hockey puck was a very unloved people. The peoples of all countries known to me. I’ve never had any problems, and to draw with it it was much more convenient than using any other.
Because the iPhone was still 9 years old and the home had to send a few pictures, decided the task the old soldier’s way: purchased in the communications office with a dozen sheets of A4, written on them, text with drawings (gel pen with the logo of Apple and WWDC-98), and sent them by Fax to the address of the native companies. About strategy of development of the operating system.
12 may 1998 www.apple.ru was published the word of truth, which against the background of the sensational reports in various media sounded a discordant note, and rained down on us “rotten apples” in the comments, but I still knew nothing. After I found out, no one apologized. I came home late.
This is the fourth part of the series about the transformation of Apple in the NeXT Apple. Previous parts:
- NeXT Apple.
- Apple chooses the path.
- The Carboniferous period (Carboniferous) in the history of Apple.
Sales were dropping silently…
By the time of the presentation, Steve was driving Apple for 10 months. And of course, he started his speech by comparing the situation 10 months ago with the current (11 may 1998). Was horrible, now much better. Two profitable quarters in a row, more than 100 million profit, Apple’s share of the market if increased from 3.4% in December 1997 to nearly 4% in may 1998 (he forgot to add “according to preliminary calculations”, in fact it fell to 3.3%).
Sales volumes are still falling, the profitability of the company Steve squeezed draconian measures. Some detective I was looking for a couple of months before the trip, the protagonist was chained by handcuffs to the rear axle of the car with the engine running, and he had to saw off my right arm with the blade of a pen knife… Apple was in a similar situation. Sawed themselves “alive” to survive.
After massive layoffs (touched, I think, almost half of the Apple), in the company there is not a group of advanced technologies or staff of a dozen very interesting projects, no technical documentation Department (best in industry), and the technical support Department developers was reduced to a few people.
The company left hundreds of irreplaceable and very valuable employees. Eventually, they were replaced by others, too, are valuable and indispensable, but others. Lost was a lot.
Head of DTS (Developers’ Technical Support) honestly warned me that in his Department there are only a few people, and they are all overworked with large customers. To help will, to the extent possible and residual. If there is something extremely urgent, I had to write to him personally otherwise replies will be delayed indefinitely.
At WWDC-98 was very much interesting, but I will not be distracted from the beginning of the “great transition.” Maybe someday…
Carbon and its draft specification
First impressions of the “masses” were quite favorable. I myself desperately wanted to dive into the depths of C++ code, tricky, and engaged in its adaptation to a “bright future”. The task was drawn time-consuming, but doable.
At WWDC participants were given “Draft Carbon Specification”, and was invited to take part in the discussion. In this draft, for the different parts of classic system, was offered one of three options for the future: to clean, remodel or leave.
That is, Carbon was designed, and even at the highest level, its composition has not yet been determined.
However, during the presentation, Steve jobs told the developers that the CarbonLib library, the interface with the “modern” version of Mac OS will be included not only in Mac OS X (in the third quarter of 1999), but also in classical systems, starting with Mac OS 8.5 “Allegro”.
It was argued that the application, whose source code is compatible with CarbonLib, will be compatible with a modern operating system. Whose specifications are not yet fully defined. Some people believed.
In terms of jobs and Tevanyan, the development of the first version of Carbon was allocated approximately five quarters – a year and three months. In the process, had to make changes not only in private matters (it is natural in any large project), but even in its foundations. Because of this, CarbonLib on Mac OS 8.6 radically different from CarbonLib on Mac OS 8.5, and in each new version of the classical system there is something added/changed/deleted.
But the worst was yet to come. CarbonLib was not paying attention, for example, direct references to peripheral devices. Outdated operating systems, like Mac OS classic or Windows 3.x, allowing programs to do whatever they want, with all the computer’s memory, to communicate directly with peripheral devices, and in General they were incredibly convenient for programmers… of course, at the expense of the safety of the user and his data.
In modern systems these and many other, opportunities are provided for other rules and other principles. Safety is not guaranteed even they, are, only, much safer.
All software products that actions that become illegal in the new system, actively used and was a vital safely combined with CarbonLib (with warnings – but who are they paying attention?), but when it came down to it…
Carbon (real), meanwhile, was divided within itself into several parts, and one of them, Core Foundation, was, in the figurative expression of engineers, “slipped under Cocoa”. The Foundation libraries for Objective-C became object-oriented (with the epithet “pseudo”) library in pure C, available as both from Cocoa and Carbon. From Mac OS X, in addition to low-level UNIX novel framework, there is another common ground, this time a high-level.
Yes, the module YellowBox, who until recently was a Rhapsody and OPENSTEP before that, again changed the name. It was renamed to Cocoa. In the group of advanced technologies was an incredibly interesting project with the same name. Something designed for children for their entertainment and development of creative abilities.
But the project was closed, its result will never come out on the market (it is fatally obsolete in the past with its closure 20 years), all of its developers, managers and spiritual leaders were dismissed from the company… And his name appropriated technology, programando NeXT.
To be continued