Aggressive prosecution team of one person is called harassment. Very often bullying occurs among adolescents, but can occur in adulthood. Recent studies have suggested that bullying affects hundreds of millions of children and adolescents worldwide. In some cases the effects of bullying are felt after years and even decades. The world health organization (who) and the United Nations (UN) has recognized the persecution of a global problem. However, researchers agree that our understanding of the impact of bullying on the brain and mental health remains limited.
What is persecution?
Bullying manifests as repeated and deliberate verbal, physical, and antisocial behavior. The one who mocks others want to intimidate them, to cause harm, often dubbed an outcast. All because he thinks the object of persecution is weak or very different from the others.
Among younger children common forms of bullying are abusive language and causing physical harm. This behavior with age may become more and more sophisticated. Sometimes this behavior turns into harassment beyond the school walls and continues in social networks.
Who is susceptible to bullying?
In fact, bullying can be encountered at any age and in any society, which is formed on a random basis — the team at work, at University or school. There are many types and criteria of harassment, however, the most decisive psychologists believe emotional vulnerability. The more people exposed the persecution, shows weakness, reacting to the insults, the more you whet the offender. In other words — emotionally reacting to the insults you are giving the abuser what he wants.
Scientists say that bullying in children and adults is no different — and there are the same mechanisms and criteria according to the principle of otherness or vulnerability. However, baiting spontaneous, so keep track of when it started is quite difficult.
The effects of bullying
Among those who have faced bullying in adolescence about 10-15% was subjected to harassment regularly — bullying could last more than six months. Experiences associated with such an attitude to yourself, cause poor performance at school, University, and also negatively affect the chances to get a job in the future. Needless to say that the objects of persecution, often suffer depression, anxiety disorders, stress disorders, and prone to suicidal thoughts.
More information about the impact of stress on the body you will find on our channel in Yandex.Zen.
How bullying affects the brain?
In the last 10 years, scientists have begun to pay increased attention to the impact of bullying on health. In General, we can say that the body reacts to persecution as acute stress. The article, published in December last year in the journal Molecular Psychiatry, sheds light on another area of studies: architecture of the brain. Injury caused by prolonged, repetitive harassment, can affect the structure of the brain, according to magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), assembled an international group from the Royal College in London. The obtained results confirm the results of previous studies that have demonstrated similar changes in children and adults who have suffered abuse at a young age.
According to Tracy Velankar, a clinical psychologist from the University of Ottawa, changes in the structure and chemical composition of the brain clearly demonstrate how disastrous and dangerous bullying. Along with fellow Velankar hoped that similar research in the future will be much more. Ultimately, scientists believe that the data obtained can be used to support policy decisions and adopting the necessary measures to combat bullying.
This is interesting: is There gender in our brain?
In an earlier study, published in the American journal of Psychiatry in 2010, it was also reported about violations in certain areas of the brain that are associated with reports of verbal abuse. Neuroscientists say that the brain is plastic throughout our life. Thanks to neuroplasticity, we continue to learn, and the environment shapes our behavior. It is not surprising that bullying has a detrimental effect not only on mental health but also for the brain.
How to deal with bullying?
To deal with bullying alone is very difficult. Therefore, experts advise in the first place to seek help. In severe cases, the best solution may be to change of residence, work or study. However, the most important method of dealing with bullying scientists call preserve neutrality. Any cases of harassment work in a similar fashion — abuser waiting for the reaction and the more emotional she is, the better. It is therefore necessary to keep calm and not to show weakness. Such behavior is likely to lead to the fact that the offender just lost interest.
Also, experts advise not to neglect the force of law. In some cases, especially when the harassment leads to the infliction of physical harm, you should protect your rights by contacting the law enforcement.
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