Let’s try to imagine what would happen if the Earth suddenly changed its orbit and moved somewhere far away. Ahem… let’s Say, to Jupiter. I agree, in real life such a scenario is hardly feasible, but… Sometimes you can just dream up. Most likely, you already know that lovely Jupiter has a retinue of 80 satellites of different sizes and shapes. The largest of them are the 4 Galilean satellites, named after its discoverer — the famous Italian astronomer of the Renaissance Galileo Galilei.
Ganymede and Earth have a lot in common
The largest moon of Jupiter is rightly considered Ganymede, which with its size even more than quite a full-fledged planet mercury. In any case, if the Earth suddenly decided to move to the outskirts of Jupiter, she would become its largest satellite, Ganymede shifting from its position of honor.
As soon as our planet somehow miraculously managed to move to Jupiter, everything in our lives would be radically changed. Becoming a satellite of the planet, whose magnetic field is many times larger than earth and is only slightly inferior to the sun, the Earth would have been subject to the strongest radiation exposure. In order to survive in such conditions, we would have to live far under the surface of the planet.
The spark of life under the ice
In addition to the strongest radiation, humanity would be faced with a horrible cold which reigns in the vicinity of Jupiter and its moons. The distance of Jupiter from the Sun and the habitable zone turns its surroundings into a pretty cool place with an approximate temperature of -145 degrees Celsius. At this low temperature all the Earth’s oceans almost instantly would freeze, turning the planet into one big glacier.
Somewhere far beneath the surface of the resulting ice world could stay a simple life in the form of bacteria-the extremophiles that might be able to get warm due to the hot underwater sources. Such extreme life scientists expect to find on one of the moons of Jupiter, Europe.
However, the radiation and low temperature are not the only challenges we will face, staying in the status of the moon of a giant planet. Before fully chilled, the atmosphere of our planet will face severe storms, and tsunamis. In addition, on the Ground at once will Wake up all 1500 volcanoes! Due to the fact that the Earth will be subject to constant friction due to the impact of gravitational forces of Jupiter, the planet for some time can be like the Jupiter’s satellite IO.
The proximity of the giant planet turned this little world of in the most seismically active moon in the Solar System. Experiencing tremendous pressure inside of Jupiter’s moon alternately compressed and unclenched, causing IO’s volcanoes are constantly spewing hot lava.
The result of such a scenario, the Earth’s atmosphere would rise a thick layer of volcanic dust, for several years concealed, and without twilight the Sun from the view of the surviving inhabitants of the planet.
But that’s not all!
The planet, located in the vicinity of Jupiter will be the perfect target for passing comets and asteroids. The fact is that due to its size, Jupiter is a kind of “safety cushion” for planets located in the inner part of the Solar System. Every month Jupiter and its satellites “catch” up to 60 asteroids, protecting mercury, Venus, Mars and the Earth from hundreds and thousands of uninvited guests.
See also: What is the probability that will fall to Earth asteroid?
I think you should clarify what would happen to the Earth if it happened in this very volatile place!
To fantasize about what would happen to our planet in such extreme conditions further, we can together in our Telegram chat.