How dangerous the pollution of the Mariana trench?

As you know, the Mariana trench — the deepest place on the planet, located in the Western part of the Pacific ocean. In this place are located the so-called Challenger Abyss, the depth of which is a record 10994 meters below sea level. In order to acquaint his followers with the hitherto unknown depths and their inhabitants researcher Victor Vescovo decided to create a relief map of the World ocean, and during his record-breaking dive to the Mariana trench, he found something that caused concern among defenders of the environment: at the bottom of the Mariana trench were found the debris.

The deepest point of the Mariana trench is the Challenger Deep, which alone managed to reach the famous film Director James Cameron in 2012

What is at the bottom of the Mariana trench?

When back in 1875, a British expedition, the first to discover giant trench, using a probe with a rope, the research team was able to determine that they found the cavity was about 5 miles deep. After almost 100 years, another British expedition used sonar technology, updating the depth data to the level of 7 miles. Since was taken the first surface research attempts to map the Mariana trench, only a few attempted to physically visit a giant trench to explore its depths. Only in the 1960-ies the researchers were able for the first time to reach deep personally. In 2012, the Director of “Titanic” and “Avatar,” James Cameron visited the Abyss of the Challenger, set a world record for a single dive to 10 of 908 meters. 7 years later, the record was beaten already mentioned above businessman Victor Vescovo, descend to a depth of 10 928 meters.

Victor Vescovo — American businessman, who set the world record for the dive at 10928 meters

The immersion of the researcher took it for 10 928 meters deep, the deepest trench on Earth. Every trip on his underwater camera was limited to about 12 hours, prompting the need of committing a series of dives in the Mariana trench, with the aim of studying the ocean floor. Despite the fact that the main purpose of the diving Victor Vescovo is considered to be scientific, the researcher argues that at the depth he wanted to find the limit of creative curiosity inherent to human nature. Well, that sounds poetic.

See also: Discovered the source of a mysterious signal coming from the Mariana trench

Being at the bottom of the trench, Vescovo discovered at least three new species of marine life, but what was more striking is the presence of a plastic bag and candy wrappers floating in the depth. Such an unusual discovery may indicate the extent of environmental contamination that will host the world scale.

In addition to debris, at the bottom of the Mariana trench can be found and truly a unique living beings. So open a few years ago xenophyophore created a furor in the scientific community due to the fact that these organisms represent one large 10-cm cell, have developed incredible resistance to high pressure and total darkness, which reigns in the 10-kilometer depth.

Xenophyophores that live on the ocean floor

In addition to single-celled organisms at the bottom of the Mariana trench and home to a huge variety of molluscs, which in some unknown way managed to keep his shell even at pressures of a thousand atmospheres. In addition to the existence of this unique deep-sea inhabitants can boast the ability to convert lethal hydrogen sulfide gas in completely safe protein that allows mussels to survive in the most extreme conditions.

At the bottom of the Mariana trench is inhabited by the usual shellfish, whose shell is not able to destroy even a pressure of 1000 atmospheres

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It is well known that ocean pollution affects not only the marine life and coral reefs, calling into question the survival of even resistant to changes in the ecosystem, it affects everyone. Thus, the pollution of ocean waters can cause the penetration of toxins in seafood, significantly reduce economic returns from a beach holiday and the tourism industry, but also adversely affect the development of the coastal States. Find Victor Vescovo in this case only confirms the existence of the problem everywhere is becoming global.

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