Gene therapy. Stem cells. CRISPR. Every day we see how there are progressing and new, powerful and revolutionary tools in the field of medicine. Perhaps aging and death will one day be defeated. But not yet. What you need to do in order to increase the life expectancy now? How to delay the same inevitable point where the body refuses to support life, when the latter runs out of resources? With this question we turned to the experts.
How to protect yourself from premature deaths and delay the approach of old age?
Andrey Melnikov, doctor of the highest category, chief specialist remote service on health – “Telemed”
“Old age and death is imminent. The causes and mechanisms of aging for many decades, do not give rest to researchers.
Scientists of the University. Max Planck failed to find any of quality among centenarians, which combines life expectancy is above average but good inheritance. Alas! To change your genes is somewhat problematic.
But in his youth it is necessary to think about an active long life. “Old age thanks to the strong foundations laid in youth,” — said mark Cicero.
Conscious longevity! This system includes a way of life, habits, views on the present and the future, culture of thought, care about health, which is the basis of longevity. As is known, the efficiency of the system much more than the sum of its parts. In addition to these things (the story of which turns into banality), as elimination of tobacco, alcoholism and other risk factors, physical activity, restful sleep, regular sex, there are less obvious points. It is a conscious decision on the formation of a way of thinking aimed at stress resistance and positive emotions and avoid negative ones. “Happiness excludes old age. Who retains the ability to see the beauty, that never gets old”, said Franz Kafka.
Meditative exercises and techniques to manage emotions conscious survivor.
Along with proper diet that includes caloric restriction, consumption of animal protein, and most importantly sugar and “fast” carbohydrates, you should avoid all kinds of “excesses”. Constant mental activity is no less important than physical. You need to learn, to know, to orate, to ponder and reflect. To read, to understand, to see, to form opinions, to learn languages, to think of others, and in any case not to stand still.
According to who projections, the life expectancy is much more dependent on lifestyle and environment than the development of medicine. However, her conscious survivor to use is required. Regular preventive examinations (clinical examination) can detect many diseases at the earliest stages, making treatment simple and effective.
Adherence to the system of conscious longevity is also a choice. And it is not easy. How difficult not to fall into temptation! Maybe someone just hope for the genes? It is also a choice. Only in this case it is necessary to age prepared.”
How to delay the onset of old age?
Mikhail Yugai, Director General of the Foundation for International medical cluster
“The standard of living in the modern world is growing, medicine is actively developed, and these changes allow man to live longer: according to the UN report, it is expected that by 2050, in most countries the number of elderly people will increase by more than two times (from 962 million to 2.1 billion). Of course, I want to live not just longer – I want to maintain a high quality of life for the longest time.
Today, Russia ranks 110 out of 183 countries in terms of life expectancy. Chronic non-communicable diseases cause 80% of deaths in Russia, while the mortality rate in the world from this type of disease is below 20 %. Why? As main factors we can distinguish the lifestyle, environment and heredity. Note that we can not influence only on the latter.
For those who want to live a long time, there are two recommendations to follow that can now. This effectively built system of prevention and changing lifestyle.
Speaking of prevention, it should be noted that in our country has not formed a habit to undergo regular screening, the majority treats the doctor in the later stages of the disease when complete recovery is impossible and requires significant financial costs. For the discipline of the Russians required to enter practice in Western countries: if a person, not a past time mandatory screening detects a disease, the treatment is paid by the patient. While this system does not exist in Russia, it is possible to discipline themselves and to undergo regular screening: screening diagnosis (cecap) is carried out in private centres and in public institutions where it is possible for a complete examination in a short time.
A healthy lifestyle is even more important component of a long and quality life. Most diseases can be prevented or delayed their development, negating risk factors such as tobacco use, alcohol, unhealthy nutrition, lack of physical activity. Physical inactivity is an independent risk factor for chronic diseases and was estimated to results in 1.9 million deaths around the world. In addition, according to who estimates, physical inactivity is the main cause of 21-25% of breast cancers and colon cancer, 27% of cases of diabetes and approximately 30% of cases of coronary heart disease.
Just 30 minutes five times a week, is paid to physical activity of moderate intensity, will reduce the risk of developing these noncommunicable diseases, and abstinence from alcohol will reduce the frightening number of deaths occurring as a result of excessive alcohol consumption: 3 million deaths, accounting for 5.3% of all deaths.
Recommendations for a healthy and long life, seem obvious and simple, but it is their adherence can prolong life and improve its quality.”
How to live happily ever after?
Inna Anisimova, General Director at PR Partner
“First, you need to watch the weight. You will not find among the centenarians full of people. Being overweight is a heart problem and the main cause of diabetes of the second type, a disease that annually kills more people than HIV.
Secondly, it is necessary to dilute your active lifestyle physical activity. There are studies proving that the lack of movement in the long-term impact on the body is almost as bad as Smoking.
Disastrous impact on us and render permanent the use of mobile. Everywhere: at playgrounds, in cafes, in museums — people sit in their phones instead of enjoying life around and chat with friends. It’s bad for posture and eyes, and in the end for psychological well-being.
In addition, in my experience, I realized that much more useful to go on vacation for a week every three months than for a full month off work. The brain restarts on time, and professional burnout does not have time to capture the mind and body.”
And as you aspire to longevity? Tell us in our chat in Telegram.