Space travel in zero gravity have on the human body destructive influence. Due to earth gravity people Willy-nilly to keep their body and their muscles are constantly trained. In zero gravity, the muscles all relaxed and quickly atrophy, so members of the ISS have to exercise at least two hours a day. Before humanity is waiting for the long flights to Mars and other planets, so space agencies are looking for ways to reduce the effects of weightlessness. To do this, they have to undergo very stringent experiments.
Many will wonder what the best way to simulate the lack of gravity in earth is to make man a long time to lie on the bed. In the supine position with the body of the people is the same as in space: muscles atrophy, and the blood ceases to circulate properly through the body.
That is such a hard experiment space Agency NASA and ESA: from 25 March, for two months, 24 participants will lie in the beds of the medical center Envihab in Cologne, Germany. Their heads will be lowered to six degrees below normal, and one shoulder will be constantly touching the mattress. One group will be in normal conditions, and the other is placed in a centrifuge to create artificial gravity, which in theory allows blood to circulate through the body as usual.
Follow work the cardiovascular system, the condition of the muscles, the cycles of metabolism and cognitive abilities, scientists will be able to find out how useful artificial gravity in space travel. After the experiment, participants will receive a recovery phase that will take at least 29 days.
It is noteworthy that a similar experiment had already been carried out by NASA in 2014. A volunteer named Andrew Iwanicki was able to lie in bed for the whole 40 days — during this time, he felt severe headaches, had difficulty consuming food, and experienced panic attacks. For participating in these experiments give large monetary rewards, but in the Soviet Union — were given new cars.
The results obtained during these tests is very important for humanity. Many companies want to popularize space tourism, so there is a risk that many travelers will have big problems with health. Perhaps the artificial gravity will help to avoid bad consequences.
Could you two months to lie still in bed? Write your answer in the comments and discuss the topic more in our Telegram chat.