After 12 years of almost continuous operation, on 21 July 1970, completed the construction of the Aswan High Dam, which dam the sheer, which is located in the far south of Egypt, north of the border between Egypt and Sudan, on the Nile River, the longest river in the world.
It contains High Dam on the third largest reservoir in the world, Lake Nasser, with a storage capacity of the Faculty of 162 billion cubic meters of water, the largest artificial lake in the world, the cost of construction of the High Dam million, with the contribution of substantial financial and technical assistance from the Soviet Union, after the rejection of the World Bank Funded Project.
It offers the High Dam is currently half of Egypt’s needs of electrical energy, where the 12 turbines generating a total capacity of 2100 MW of electricity.
Despite the positive effects of the dam higher, such as to protect Egypt from the flood and in the agricultural area because of the abundance of water, it is taken deprived the Nile Valley of silt and nutrients to, and increase erosion and the erosion of the shores of the delta.
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