For a long time it was believed that women have less mathematical ability than men due to certain biological differences which have a strong influence on their understanding of technology, engineering and science. As informs the British portal newsweek.comthe latest study, which involved 104 children aged 3 to 10 years, 55 of whom were girls, showed that both genders have equal abilities in mathematics. Does the fact that male and female thinking has much more in common than previously thought?
Why mathematicians are more men mathematicians than women?
An example of Sofia Kovalevskaya, who in his time became the first woman to be awarded the official title of Professor of mathematics, had not tempted the girls to drop everything in the name of science. In the twenty-first century, the majority of them are often disappointed in the science classroom, behind the boys place in technical Universities and in mathematics turning almost completely “masculine” science. Such an uneven distribution of sex, the male often gives people reason to think that math is simply not made for the female mind, sharpened on the establishment of social relations and upbringing of children. Despite such a judgment, examples of women scientists of the past say the opposite, especially highlighting the Sofya Kovalevskaya, Hypatia Alexandria, Nicole Lepota and Sophie Germain as well-known mathematicians who have contributed to the development of world science.
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The unpopularity of mathematics as a science among the female population of the planet can be connected with the presence of a huge number of cliches and prejudices, but not with the structure of the female brain, says the article from NPJ Science of Learning. Considering math is not the most important social science, girls often prefer public profession in the context of their potential use, choosing pedagogy, medicine and biology.
In order to confirm or disprove this theory, scientists conducted an unusual experiment, which consists in viewing heterosexual group of children training video with mathematical concepts and includes examples at the expense and addition. In parallel with this, the researchers built diagrams of the brain activity of children with MRI-scanner. After the experiment, the same steps were carried out in relation to adults who were asked to watch the same video that children.
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The results of the experiment showed that statistically equivalent levels of neural maturity in a brain of adults and children develop at the same speed regardless of their sex. This fact suggests that despite the fact that the overall proportion of women graduating from technical Universities, is only about 20% of the total number of graduates, the human brain operates the same way and not specializiruetsya on any particular area of science depending on gender. Preferences in selecting particular areas of professional development most often consistent with public opinion and traditions, forcing the girls to choose more prestigious in the eyes of society specialty.