The Japanese aerospace exploration Agency (JAXA) has tested the Autonomous technology and remote control construction equipment that will be needed for the construction of a research base on the surface of the moon. About it reports a press-release on the website of JAXA. According to the source, the project is developing the necessary technology was started in 2016, with the involvement of some schools and higher educational institutions in Japan. Verification of technologies was carried out at various construction sites.
In JAXA believe that the technology to remote control the construction process outside of the Earth, like the moon or Mars, will be an important tool for colonization. However, in this case there is a need to compensate the delay time of command transmission for construction equipment from the Ground, which otherwise would cause a decrease in efficiency and productivity.
On Earth, these technologies can also be useful, as they allow to compensate for the lack of skilled labour in the construction industry that has traditionally focused on human labor.
The Agency said that for the satellite in the first place will need excavators and tractors with a remote control system that will allow you to perform the most challenging tasks in the deployment database:
- To clear the surface for the creation of a platform for installation of residential, as well as scientific and other modules;
- To carry out the excavation surface for safe and reliable installation;
- To install the modules;
- To shield the modules from external exposure to cosmic radiation, meteorites, and other factors existing on the surface of a planetary body ground.
Japanese engineers from JAXA modified ground units of this equipment (weighing 7 tonnes each), setting them on remote control system and making it partially Autonomous. The staff of the Japanese Agency is also equipped with the mechanisms of special sensors that allow to automatically identify the location of the equipment on the lunar surface. With their help, the technique can independently calculate the optimal route and perform part of the work without human intervention. These sensors also compensate for probable interruptions in the reception of signals from the command center, which will come with a delay of a few seconds because of the large distance between planet and satellite.
The technique that was modified for remote and partially Autonomous control
“During the tests was worked out various operations. We checked the possibility of automatic movement of the equipment, and the remote control system. The tests confirmed that this technique is suitable for the construction of a lunar base”, — explained in the press release of JAXA.
Now, the Agency plans to begin addressing the issues associated with delivery to the moon of equipment, total weight of which may reach several tens of tons.
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