Lunar soil will be a source of water and fuel for space missions

Over the last 4.5 billion years the moon surface exposed to solar and cosmic radiation, subsequently, the soil turns into a regolith — gray and dry residual soil. For many amazing the fact that it contains water, which may be collected and used in long-term space missions. The European space Agency knows about it, therefore, announced its intention to start mining lunar soil in 2025. Of course, it will come with many aerospace companies in Europe.

Лунная поверхность

The announcement was made at a very momentous time — the night of the lunar Eclipse, in the year of the fiftieth anniversary of the first manned missions to the moon. To succeed in the extraction of lunar soil, the space Agency has signed a contract with a fairly young company ArianeGroup, which was founded in 2015 by the forces of Airbus and Safran SA. The development of the Rover will deal with the German startup PTScientists, and ground control — the professionals of the Belgian company Space Application Services.

To start, you will use the carrier rocket “Ariane-64” with four boosters. In fact, this is a heavy modification of the rocket “Ariane-6” with the increased capacity. The original rocket is only for payload delivery to a low reference or geosynchronous transfer orbit, and its first flight is scheduled for 2020.

Ракета-носитель «Ариан-64»

The mission is positioned as a “100 percent European consortium” and includes funds to launch the spacecraft, sending them to lunar orbit, landing and connection with the Earth. According to andré-Hubert of Russelia, head ArianeGroup, mission to collect lunar soil — a great opportunity to experience the possibilities of “Arian-64”.

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