More than four billion years ago, Earth was showered with deadly ultraviolet rays, so scientists believe that the first life originated in deep water. What was the cause of its origin is still unknown, but the astrobiologists from NASA for several years trying to figure that out. Especially for this they have built aquariums that accurately simulate the conditions of the primary sea. Finally, they were able to create organic reaction, which could be the first “spark of life”.
It is believed that living organisms originated at great depth, close cracks formed during volcanic activity. Since at great depths there is no light and the impossible is vitally important photosynthesis, the first may rely on chemosynthesis. In this process, the first bacteria can feed on sugar, which emerged in the course of the reaction between the hydrogen sulfide from the vents and oxygen from sea water. These bacteria can feed on larger creatures — so, gradually, to develop the food chain.
Substances which are a part of the ancient sea, were identified in the study of fossils. Thus, the laboratory, the tanks were filled with water, pyruvate and ammonia, two substances which can form during the hydrothermal emissions and is important for formation of amino acids. Water was pumped all the oxygen and the added ferric hydroxide, which was extremely common in the first years of existence of the Earth. Also the water was heated to 70 degrees Celsius — about the temperature reigned near volcanic fissures.
Understanding how organic nutrients and minerals may experience a real cage, it’s really important to realize in what types of environment can be life.
Astrobiologist Laurie Barge, head of research
Adding to the water oxygen, the researchers were able to note the formation of the amino acids alanine and alpha hydroacids lactate. Last able to come together for in complex organic molecules, and subsequently give rise to life.
It is believed that in this way life could have formed and the icy satellites of other planets, for example on Europa of Jupiter and Enceladus of Saturn. Under their frozen surface, unable to escape the volcanic cracks near which swim live alien organisms. According to Laurie Barge, understanding is necessary for the emergence of life conditions, they can precisely know, on what planets you have to look for.
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