A couple of days ago space Agency NASA held a press-conference on which has declared that makes the International space station is fully open for business. Previously, commercial organizations were allowed to use the ISS for research purposes only, for example, to conduct various research experiments. Now, the Agency has allowed private businesses to engage in profitable business in low-earth orbit.
What are the flight rules for the ISS to private companies?
To support commercial activity on the ISS, the Agency intends to allocate annually up to 5 percent of the budget, which it spends at the service station (and in the year it comes out to about 3-4 billion dollars). Before the manned missions to the ISS NASA privateers will train like real astronauts. It should also be noted that NASA is not going to let on station anybody and when he came, therefore, announced the list of rules and restrictions.
So, during the year, the station will be allowed delivery of only 175 kilograms of commercial cargo, while commercial activity aboard the ISS will annually allocate only 90 hours of the station. In addition, to carry out private manned mission to the station will be allowed only twice a year, and the amount of time that the privateers on Board in the framework of these missions should not exceed 30 days. Under the program, private flights to the ISS, there can be up to 12 people per year.
How much does a day stay on the ISS?
The U.S. space Agency also published price list indicating the prices of various commercial activities on Board the orbital station. So, as part of unmanned missions to the ISS the cost of shipping a kilogram of cargo into orbit would be $ 3,000. Another 3,000 dollars per kilogram have to pay in order to use it. If a customer wants to return the goods back to Earth, it will cost an additional $ 6,000 per kilogram.
In the framework of manned missions, the prices will be much higher. For example, the cost to use the toilet and life support systems one person per day will cost 11 $ 250. 22 $ 500 per day will have to pay for such necessary for life on the ISS things like food, water, air, medical drugs and so on. Even for electricity will have to pay 42 dollars for 1 kW⋅h. As pointed out by NASA CFO Jeff DeWitt, in total day on Board the ISS for one person will cost about $ 35,000, that is over a million dollars per person for a 30-day visit.
I should also add that in the price list do not include the cost of space launch services for these manned and unmanned missions. In this issue business will have to negotiate with companies such as SpaceX and Boeing, because of private American space companies only are they potentially will be able to deliver people to the ISS. However, they are developing manned space vehicles are not yet ready.
To fly to the ISS and can be on the “Union”. It will cost more than $ 80 million for the place — the price, Roskosmos, is putting NASA. But the Americans soon expect to reduce the cost of the flight: seat on Board of the CST-100 from Boeing Cockpit and Crew Dragon company SpaceX will cost “only” $ 58 million (though it is unknown whether there will be the same price for private astronauts).
Commercial module for the ISS
NASA wants private companies have begun to ISS technology development space for the construction of dwellings, therefore, opens the way for commercial organizations access to the front docking port of module “Harmony”. In 2017, it was reported that for private space missions are going to use a connecting gateway module tranquility, but it was only on cargo missions.
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