We witnessed the beginning of the next big space race. But this time it’s not the US against the Soviet Union. It’s a race between Elon Musk and Jeff Bezosa. The aerospace industry has always been driven by competition. In 1927, Charles Lindbergh competed with eight other teams to conduct the first non-stop transatlantic flight and win the prize Ortega 25 000 dollars. In the 1960s, the years race America and the Soviet Union led to the emergence of Sputnik, Yuri Gagarin’s flight “Apollo-11”.
But fast forward to 40 years. In 2004, the Ansari XPRIZE competition for $ 10 million sparked the commercial space industry. And today, in 2019, on the threshold of the 50th anniversary of “Apollo 11”, sky’s the limit competition that puts people into space on rockets. Struggle is unfolding between two desperate and talented billionaires: Jeff Bezosa and Elon Musk.
Let’s evaluate the capabilities and vision of each of them.
Jeff Bezos and Blue Origin
“We want stagnation and rationing or we want dynamism and growth?” — Jeff Bezos
Despite the fact that Jeff has been a passionate enthusiast of space, instead of to be engaged in aerospace activities, he first went to wall Street, founded the Amazon, which eventually brought him personal capital exceeding $ 150 billion.
Today Jeff remains true to his passion for space, allocating 1 billion dollars annually for the support of his space company, Blue Origin (in honor of the Earth).
The History Of Blue Origin
Bezos founded Blue Origin in 2000 with the aim to create “a future in which millions of people live and work in space.” Of course, the first step for any serious space company is the creation of rockets capable of launching people and useful cargo from Earth into space. In this category, Jeff is planning to release more and more missiles.
The first of these is named after mercury astronaut Alan Shepard. New Shepard is a suborbital Blue Origin rocket, designed for suborbital space tourism. It is expected that after 10 successful consecutive launches and landings to the end of 2019 New Shepard will deliver its first astronauts-people in suborbital space.
Next machine is a New rocket Glenn (named in honor of astronaut John Glenn), who will be able to raise a significant cargo and people to the moon. As the Falcon 9 from SpaceX, the New Glenn designed to be reusable and vertical landing. Blue Origin hopes to launch a rocket New Glenn in 2021.
Next goal: Blue Moon
In may 2019 during the presentation at the Museum of aviation and cosmonautics Bezos unveiled a short-term mission Blue Origin to colonize the moon for exploration, scientific missions and use of resources. Bezos considers the moon as an incredible gift to our outer mind, which will help humanity and space entrepreneurs to access the space economy.
Having substantial reserves of frozen water, the Moon can provide the fuel (oxygen and hydrogen) and vital elements (breathable oxygen and drinking water).
As Bezos said in his address on 9 may 2019, the use of resources from the moon instead of delivering the equivalent in space from the surface of the Earth gives an extraordinary advantage: to lift one pound to the moon requires 24 times less energy than to lift one pound from Earth.
As a first step in this vision Bezos announced the lander Blue Moon, which will go to the moon aboard the rocket Glenn New and gently lowered to the surface of the moon at 3.6 metric tons, Rovers, cargo and people.
It is important to note that this ad and the fact that Blue is working on a Blue Moon during the last three years, give more confidence to a recent statement by Vice-President Mike Pence: “the policy of this administration and the United States of America is to return American astronauts to the moon within the next five years (2024)”.
“It’s time to return to the moon, this time to stay.” — Jeff Bezos
The destruction of planetary chauvinism colonies O’neill
In his presentation Blue Moon may 9, Bezos added another interesting announcement, based on the teachings of the late Gerard O’neill, Professor of physics at Princeton, founder of the Institute for space research. He raised the key question that Professor O’neill asked his disciples during a summer training project, namely: “Is the surface of the planet a better place for the lives of people as they progress through the Solar system?”.
In the end, Sam O’neill determined that the answer to this critical question is no.
So instead of humanity lived on other planets, O’neill invited the mankind to build a massive rotating cylinders, now known as the colony of O’neill, of the resources that are already outside of the deep gravity well of the planet. In particular, from materials with the surface of the moon or from asteroids.
Bezos revived and reinterpreted the work of O’neill, saying that the vision for Blue Origin after reaching the moon must be to support the development of O’neill colonies where humanity can live free from the gravitational forces of the planets. Rotating each colony will be able to support an independent population of a million people.
Without undue optimism, Bezos understands that the construction of these colonies will last for generations and will require overcoming unimaginable number of engineering challenges along the way. But thanks to Blue Origin, Bezos is implementing a number of the most fundamental preconditions for achieving its vision of a universe of dynamism and growth.
Now let’s look at the other leading forces, to propel mankind in mnogoletnii. A man with incredible engineering skill and foresight, who reviewed all that is possible in space.
Elon Musk and SpaceX
Musk was born in Pretoria, South Africa, and at the age of 12 he sold his first computer code. A little later he repeated his success in developing, selling Zip2 for $ 307 million. After that, Musk created and sold PayPal (formerly X.com) eBay for $ 1.5 billion.
With 180 million dollars in his pocket, Musk has decided to do what he considered two of the most important missions for humanity: 1) to remove people from fossil fuels with a thriving solar economy; 2) to transform mankind into mnogoletnii.
SpaceX: to make mankind mnogoletnim views
SpaceX was founded in may 2002 as a tool Ilona for the development of missiles required for the withdrawal of humanity from earth to Mars. Read the full story SpaceX, if you’re interested. SpaceX — a company born as a consequence of bold perseverance and commitment to his goal.
In 2008, after three failures of the test rocket, the Falcon 1 Musk was without money. Fortunately, after a life-saving infusion of capital from his friend and co-founder of PayPal Peter Thiel, SpaceX has achieved success on the fourth attempt. In December 2008 SpaceX received a contract to NASA for a billion dollars to develop its own vehicle: Falcon 9.
Falcon 9 has transformed the space industry, forcing people to reconsider the extreme, and 10 times reduced the cost of launch, making reusable rockets a reality.
While the space Shuttle could deliver cargo to the International space station at a price more than 54 500 dollars per kilogram, the Falcon 9 did the same work at a price of $ 2720 per kilogram: 20 times cheaper.
In 2015, SpaceX put their Falcon 9 first. It looked magical. Today, these landing and a successful landing 33 of 39 attempts.
Next to the development of the Falcon was a demonstration of the Falcon Heavy, the most powerful to date missiles. The Falcon Heavy consists of three modified Falcon 9 rockets linked together. In 2018, the rocket sent a red Tesla Roadster in the direction of the asteroid belt. In April 2019, the Falcon Heavy has carried out a second flight, perfectly planted all three Falcon 9 booster.
Besides delivering heavy loads into Earth orbit, the Falcon Heavy can send significant cargo to the moon and even Mars.
But a true workhorse SpaceX will become the Starship. This is the Central “star ship” in terms of the Mask by placing people on the moon, Mars and beyond.
Musk hinted that the cost of the development of a Starship will be 5 billion dollars. If it’s the exact sum, the development of interplanetary spacecraft would be much cheaper than the $ 50 billion needed to develop the Saturn V that was used in the Apollo program.
The rocket is designed to be able to explore the Solar system in its entirety, using Mars and its abundance of resources as a fuel base.
Using these machines SpaceX embodies the vision of the Mask: to open the Solar system for colonization by the people.
Long term goal: to make mankind mnogoletnim
“I think in General the future will be much more exciting and interesting if we were a space civilization and mnogoletnim. You want to be inspired. Want to Wake up in the morning and think that the future will be great. That’s what it means to be a cosmic civilization.” — Elon Musk
Musk sees a Martian colony as the plan of salvation of mankind in emergencies and a beacon of inspiration for mankind. Each of the rockets SpaceX is a tool in the service of the movement in the direction of building colonies and cities on the surface of Mars. The purpose of Mask is to put people on Mars by 2030 and create a full-fledged city until 2050.
To achieve this goal, Musk and SpaceX plan 10 runs from 2027 to 2050, one run every 22-24 months, when Earth and Mars are at the near distance.
In 2017 at the presentation of the International Astronautical Congress Musk announced that these launches will begin in 2024. “I am confident that we will be able to assure the ship and prepare it for launch within five years,” he said. “Five years seem like a long time.”
After Mars, Musk wants to continue to study the Solar system using Mars as a fuel depot on the way to other planets, moons and asteroids.
Near term: commercialization of the moon
Since the presentation of the Mask in 2017, with the support and leadership of NASA and the Vice President of the United States, SpaceX refocused its efforts on the development of a Starship and the Falcon Heavy in the direction of the moon, not Mars.
In September 2018, Musk announced plans for the flight of the first private astronauts, SpaceX and the first client Starship, Japanese fashion innovator and an internationally recognized curator on the art of Yusaku Maezawa. He will go to the moon in 2023. The contract with SpaceX Masaveu helps to Fund the development of the Starship.
The purpose of Masawi is to inspire the world of art, taking the eight artists who will join the Japanese in his mission to the moon.
If you had a choice, any artists you would put with Masaveu?
SpaceX won one of the 11 contracts NASA to begin development compatible with the Falcon Heavy lunar lander.
Though SpaceX did not provide details of his concept of the lunar module, it is possible that SpaceX uses their skills of landing rockets to land the Starship to the moon.
And Bezos, and Musk is driven by her passion and belief that the final future of humanity requires our access to space. Both develop a private, reusable, transporting people and vehicles both in the near future going to the moon.
In addition to these similarities, Musk goes to Mars, Bezos and to the construction of large space colonies.
One thing is certain: regardless of who succeeds, all that mankind ever appreciated on Earth — metals, minerals, energy, real estate — in space is available in almost infinite quantities, and the greatest wealth comes to those who first touch the stars.
Thanks to people like Elon Musk and Jeff Bezos, we are on the verge of access to this infinite storage of materials and energy for the further expansion of humanity and our progress. We will see the greatest economic boom in human history, which will lead to a period of prosperity beyond our understanding.
The work being done by Musk and Bezos today, may be the most important for the continuation of our species. Agree? Tell <a href=”https://t-do.ru/hi_news_chat”>in our chat in Telegram</a>.