Astronomers Australian Observatory, Parkes caught three mysterious fast pulse, the nature of which remains unclear. When one of the received signals was a record capacity ratio signal/noise. The signals were received by 1 March, 9 March (the most powerful) and March 11. The radio was marked 180301 FRB FRB FRB and 180309 180311, in accordance with the dates of their discovery.
Fast radio pulses (FRB) represent one of the most interesting mysteries of the cosmos. Scientists began to detect only the last few decades and all the time were able to capture only 33 of the signal from different sources. One of these sources who received the marking of FRB 121102 is the most unique of the list. Unlike the rest of the FRB, this signal has a recurring nature.
Each burst, observed by scientists, is a very powerful radar pulse with energy of 100 million Suns, but it lasts only a few milliseconds. The latter, incidentally, along with non-recurring nature, does not allow to predict when such a signal could appear again, and also to accurately calculate the location of its source.
With the exception, as noted above, is the signal FRB 121102. It can help scientists to narrow the range of possible phenomena that could create these fast radio bursts. At the moment there are several hypotheses that offer an explanation of the nature of these signals. And it is possible that the true nature of these signals can have several studies.
For example, according to one recent studies signal FRB 121102, its source may be a neutron star. But among the other hypotheses there are also black holes, double pulsars, blitzuri, the relationship with the emission of gamma radiation (which may be called including colliding with another neutron star), and Magnetar.
Well, no aliens anywhere. A rather famous physicist AVI Loeb does not exclude the possibility that these signals may be echoes started the giant engines of the spacecraft. To see this hampered by the fact that the signals occur in different frequency bands that can say that they come to us across great distances, perhaps even several billion light years. The only thing scientists agree about is the fact that the source of these signals has an incredible power.
As for the three signals received in that month, the ratio signal/noise turned out to be four times higher than any other previously obtained FRB. Researchers believe that these signals are not of a recurring nature. However striking the fact that in such a short period of time managed to catch three signals, especially given their total number during all time of observations.
In fact, some scientists believe that most of the FRB signals are of a recurring nature, but confirm it’s because of the huge distances that they have to overcome. In other words, repetitive signals from the same sources have just not had time to reach us.
The upcoming launch of the project the world’s largest radio interferometer can solve the mystery of the FRB. At least scientists are hoping for. Last year, three quick burst was discovered for the first time started “Pathfinder the Australian square kilometer lattice” (Australian Square Kilometre Array Pathfinder, ASKAP), which will be part of the world’s largest radio telescope Square Kilometre Array (SKA), part of the arrays which will be located in Australia, New Zealand and South Africa. Its construction is scheduled for completion by 2019.
In SKA, including use of low-frequency aperture matrix, which can catch even the weakest signals. In addition, the telescope will be able to cover a much larger area of research, which in turn gives hope for more frequent opening of the FRB signals.
Even if it turns out that the true source signals tracking would be impossible, even in this case statistical data can make a major contribution to the understanding of FRB. In the end, we will be able to know how frequently these signals.