In recent years we have increasingly heard that the environmental situation on our planet has deteriorated. The reasons for this is quite a lot of things, but all of them are somehow connected with human activities. In the specific reasons we need to parse today will not, and consider them a consequence. Moreover, recently a group of researchers from the National centre for ecological analysis and synthesis, USA (NCEAS) has estimated how much people have polluted the oceans over the last decade. The answer to this question is really shocking.
How much people pollute the ocean
According to the editorial Board Scientific Reports, a new study by American scientists first estimated, where and how quickly changes the cumulative impact that humans have on the oceans. Moreover, taking into account absolutely everything — from the contamination of harmful chemicals to catch marine life. Will not pull the suspense and say that the total negative impact of man on the oceans is almost 60%. That is, the ocean was 60% dirtier and poorer marine life than 10 years ago!
This is a big problem, says lead author Ben Halpern. Moreover, this problem has many causes. We can’t just fix any one of them if we want to slow down and eventually stop the growth of human impact on the oceans.
Why the ocean is so polluted over the last 10 years
A key factor scientists call climate change, namely global warming. It is known to be associated with an increase in greenhouse gases due to increasing industrial growth. Due to climate change has been an increase in air temperature that caused the warming of the oceans and their acidification. Throws oil on the fire growth and harvesting of marine inhabitants, which has increased several times in recent years.
Scientists say that if nothing is done, in the future the situation will only worsen. In the next 10 years changes will only increase and will double by 2029-2030 years. Among the regions of particular concern for environmentalists, are, in particular, Australia, Western Africa, Eastern Caribbean Islands and the middle East.
See also: Life in the Atlantic ocean can be destroyed by a giant algae.
However, scientists have good news (and in our channel in the Telegram) that allow you to be more optimistic about the future of our planet. The researchers found that each continent has its own, as they call them, “success stories”. These are areas in which the harmful effects on the environment decreased, which had a favourable impact on the ecological situation in the region as a whole. In particular, fisheries and water pollution decreased off the coast of South Korea, Japan, the UK and Denmark. And scientists suggest other regions to “follow the example” with the best in order to prevent the development of an ecological disaster.