Recently, scientists from the U.S. state of North Carolina foundthat today on the black market in great demand more than 5 579 species of rare animals. Wanting to earn a lot of money, poachers mercilessly kill them, but organizations for the protection of the environment and its inhabitants are constantly trying to come up with an effective way to stop illegal killing of animals. For example, recently, researchers from the UK and China have created artificial horns of rhinos, which are difficult to distinguish from the real thing. If you let them in the sale on the black market and thereby increase the number of defective goods, the demand for horn can be greatly reduced. And this, in turn, will save the lives of many rhinos.
Immediately it should be noted that Rhino horns are not horns in the traditional sense of the word. While the cow horns are composed of bone, the horns of a rhinoceros represent tightly glued together hair. Adhesives are secretions from sebaceous glands located on the nose of the animal. The hardness of the horns gives the carboxylic acid, also known as creatine is a substance produced in the bodies of nearly all vertebrates.
How to save rhinos from extinction?
To create a copy of horns, the researchers used hair closest relatives of rhinos, horses. The fact that these animals belong to the same squad equids, so that the hair of horse tails are well suited for creating fake horns. For bonding hair used material based on silk. After strong compression researchers have made artificial horn, which is similar to this both in appearance and in structure and physical properties.
The researchers claim that fake horns perfectly amenable to cutting and polishing, so they are extremely difficult to distinguish from the real thing. However, buyers will not be able to make anything useful. The fact that in Asian countries, Rhino horns are used to make aphrodisiacs — substances that increase libido man. It is clear that from fake horns no stimulant to make it is impossible.
Did you know that to save rhinos from extinction is also possible by means of cloning?
If you put fake antlers for sale on the black market, because of the high risk of running into fake people can start a less to buy them. Therefore, poachers can lose interest in hunting rhinos that can save animals from extinction. Only here there is a risk that rhinos from poachers can move on to other endangered species of animals. For example, the risk may be animals such as Dingo. And so there are very few from crossbreeding with other breeds, and if they still hunt, they do cease to exist in its pure form.
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Scientists are not going to independently engage in the production of fake horns. Instead, they offer to do it for everyone. A description of creating believable copies they shared in the scientific journal Scientific Reports. They hope that enthusiasts will be able to develop even more sophisticated ways to make the horns as similar to the real thing.