The most common signs that you may be infected with a new coronavirus, are breathing problems. All members of the family of coronaviruses, but there are 40 types infect the respiratory system, and SARS-CoV-2 in addition to the contact is transmitted including airborne droplets. This means that when a person coughs or sneezes, tiny droplets of fluid from the nose or mouth, which become airborne may contain a virus. But what happens to the body infected CoVID-19? Despite the fact that the main blow falls on the lungs, the process of capturing of the body of coronavirus begins in the throat and in the early stages symptoms may not be evident. In this article you will learn what happens to the body after infection CoVID-19.
At the time of writing this article the number of people infected with the novel coronavirus in the world exceeded 400 000 people. More than 18,000 people died and every day these numbers are growing. So, the world health organization (who) reported an acceleration of the spread of SARS-CoV-2, and also that even in young people and children the disease can be quite severe. Meanwhile, scholars concerned with the novelty of the virus – the fact that experts know about it, not all, but this complicates the prediction of future events. Despite the fact that researchers around the world developing a vaccine against CoVID-19, and in some countries has already begun human trials, patient zero – the person who got it first, still not discovered, as well as the natural host of the virus. However, experts managed to learn a coronavirus that attacks two specific sets of cells in the lungs. Read more about how lungs function and why they are needed, read our material.
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CоVID-19 is passed through a tiny, invisible droplets when an infected person coughs or sneezes. These droplets can fall on people who are nearby or land on surfacesthat others touch, which potentially facilitates the transfer of viral particles from hands to eyes, nose or mouth. After being hit in the back of the throat and nasal passage, viral particles bind to a specific type of receptor on the cell surface. Like any other life form, the virus just wants to survive. But for that he first needs to copy itself.
Being attached to the cells, coronavirus injects its genetic material or RNA into cells. And then hijacks cellular metabolism (metabolism) to create a “factory” replication and reproduce as many copies. In fact, SARS-CoV-2 steals the host cells.
RNA (Ribonucleic acid) is the molecules that comprise the cells of all living organisms and participate in the work of genes. A gene is a hereditary factor, which contains information about the characteristics and functions of each organism.
What CoVID-19 does with light?
When the virus multiplies, it causes the body’s immune response. Once the immune system begins to fight back, humans develop symptoms as previously healthy tissues are damaged and inflamed. These symptoms include sore throat, runny nose, sneezing, cough and sometimes fever. However, if the virus gets deep enough into the lungs, it can cause pneumonia which can lead to shortness of breath and chest pain. For the majority of infected persons, this period to be a period of recovery. Most do get better.
As CoVID-19 effect on other parts of the body?
But light is not the only part of the body, a virus may corrupt. In some people the infection makes the heart beat regularly and to pump blood less powerful, that can potentially lead to heart failure. Because the virus can be swallowed, it is also able to infect cells of the intestine. Since the outbreak of the virus in December last year of digestive problems was a common complaint among those infected. As reported by the Centers for disease control, the genetic material of the virus is often detected in blood samples and feces.
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A new study showed that diarrhoea and other gastrointestinal problems may be one of the first signs CоVID-19. According to a study published in the American Journal of Gastroenterology, nearly half of the patients with coronavirus went to the doctors complaining of digestion. The authors examined data on 204 patients in the Chinese province of Hubei where there was an outbreak of coronavirus and found that in 99 of cases had observed such symptoms as diarrhea, vomiting and abdominal pain.
What happens with the immune system of patients CoVID-19?
As described above, the human immune system recognizes the attack of infectious agents such as viruses. However, sometimes the immune system begins to work against us and attacks the body’s cells. In some cases this leads to the development of autoimmune diseases, such as lupus, psoriasis and others. But in the case of CoVID-19 immune system recognizes a threat, then proceeds to attack that can not control, leading to damage to healthy tissues. As a result, the efforts of the body against the virus can cause inflammation in the lungs, which may further impede breathing. The fact that after the development of pneumonia, the infection can move into the alveoli – the air sacs in the blood vessels of the lungs. Alveoli are important during normal breathing, as they help gas exchange, however, they are very sensitive and in case of damage can restrict blood oxygen saturation.
In addition, the new coronavirus can also be targeted at the kidneys are two bean-shaped organ that filters toxins from the blood. Due to the coronavirus that causes the kidneys are not functioning properly, which can lead to organ failure and death. The who recommends that people over 60 or people with concomitant diseases, such as cardiovascular, avoid crowded places to reduce the chance of Contracting them CоVID-19. At the moment, despite the fact that young people also can become seriously ill, the most vulnerable group are the elderly. Be well.