The largest planet in the Solar system — Jupiter — is known not only for its colossal size but also the presence of the four large satellites, each of which is a truly unique place in our solar system. A special place among the Galilean satellites of Jupiter is Europa — a small celestial body that is completely encased in ice. This ice world is one of the smoothest objects among all the planets and their satellites rotating around the Sun that suggests the presence of the satellite global ocean, hiding from the radiation of Jupiter under a thick crust of ice. In this regard, scientists increasingly Express the hypothesis, whether the appearance of life on such a large distance from the Sun. One of the latest discoveries on the satellite was the detection of surface plumes that seem to spew water into space. What this discovery can mean for science is it possible to find life in the water vapour of Europe?
Is there life on Europa?
Data collected during various space missions over the past few decades have shown that scientific community is more and more is inspired by the possibility of finding alien life on Europa. Thus, the probe Galileo noticed the presence of the companion irregular magnetic field in the late 90s and early 2000-ies, which can occur in the presence of the satellite is a conducting liquid under the surface. As the portal newatlas.comafter approximately 12 years after the discovery of evidence of the existence of Europa’s magnetic field, space the Hubble telescope has detected the presence of water vapor over the South pole of Europe, which, according to scientists, is the result of water eruptions that bring material from below the surface of the satellite in space.
See also: Europe: our best chance to find another life?
One of the latest discoveries of NASA indicates a strong likelihood that Europe really hides a huge amount of water in its bosom. So, the W. M. Keck Observatory in Hawaii, used data from the spectrograph to analyze the chemical composition of the atmosphere of Europe, being in search of some frequencies of infrared light, for specific types of molecules. Lucas Paganini, a planetary scientist at NASA, who led the study on the discovery of water on Europa, found a strong periodic bursts of water from the surface of the icy satellites of Jupiter, producing every second about 2360 litres — enough water to fill an Olympic sized swimming pool in minutes.
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While scientists firmly believe that Europe has a subsurface ocean, another possible source of water vapor can be shallow pools of melt water, which is not far below the surface of the satellite. In order to find out the real cause of the over Europe the plumes of water, NASA announced the launch of a unmanned probe toward Jupiter in 2025. The results of the space mission can be historical for mankind, who may be able for the first time to find traces of living organisms beyond Earth.