The ISS will create the coldest place in the Universe

With the help of the carrier rocket “Antares” Orbital ATK space Agency NASA sent to the International space station the equipment for the experiment on extreme cooling of matter. Project Cold Atom Laboratory (“Laboratory cold atom”, CAL) is designed to achieve a temperature that is 10 billion times lower than the temperature of vacuum. It is necessary to obtain condensation of Bose — Einstein group of a large number of atoms that exhibit quantum properties on a macroscopic level.

The experiment consists of several tools, such as box, lasers, vacuum chamber and electromagnetic knife. All of this is designed to work with atoms, namely, to cool them to a temperature closest to absolute zero than ever. If successful, the experiment will help to slow their speed on the longest at the moment, period.

At absolute zero, is equal to -273,15 degrees Celsius (0 Kelvin), the atoms of a substance stop moving completely, which, however, is unattainable in practice due to zero-point quantum fluctuations, which is manifested when the system minimum energy state. This effect is observed when you create a condensate of the Bose — Einstein condensate, composed of bosons — particles that can occupy the same quantum state, i.e. to become indistinguishable from the point of view of the experimenter. Since all the particles are able to reach the minimum energy level, all the condensate ceases to interact with atoms of surrounding substances, whereby, for example, the force of friction disappears and there is superfluidity.

The microgravity aboard the ISS will allow for observation of the condensate Bose — Einstein within a very long period of time of 10 seconds.

“The study of these hyperchaotic atoms could transform our understanding of matter and the fundamental nature of gravity. The experiments that we will conduct with CAL, will help us to better understand gravity and dark energy are the most common forces in the Universe,” commented Robert Thompson, the project scientist CAL jet propulsion Laboratory of NASA.

Quantum effects that occur in the condensate Bose — Einstein, including superfluidity, can be used for efficient energy transfer and the creation of superconductive devices and quantum computers and ultra-precise atomic clocks with laser cooling.

Cold Atom Laboratory launched aboard a private cargo spaceship Cygnus Monday, may 21. In addition, the ISS was sent the equipment for sequencing genomes of microbes, discovered on Board the ISS, and hand-held sextant to determine the position of the stations by stars.

0 Comments on “The ISS will create the coldest place in the Universe”

  1. Whats up! I just want to give a huge thumbs up for the great information you may have right here on this post I will be coming back to your weblog for more soon

  2. Yesterday, while I was at work, my cousin stole my iPad and tested to see if it can survive a 40 foot drop, just so she can be a youtube sensation My apple ipad is now broken and she has 83 views I know this is completely off topic but I had to share it with someone!

  3. My brother suggested I may like this website He was once enti y right This post truly made my day You can not believe simply how so much time I had spent for this information! Thanks!

  4. Howdy just wanted to give you a quick heads up The text in your article seem to be running off the screen in Internet explorer I’m not sure if this is a formatting issue or something to do with internet browser compatibility but I figured I’d post to let you know The style and design look great though! Hope you get the issue resolved soon Kudos

  5. I have been browsing online greater than three hours these days, yet I by no means discovered any attention-grabbing article like yours It is pretty price enough for me Personally, if all webmasters and bloggers made good content material as you probably did, the internet can be a lot more useful than ever before

  6. I just want to say I’m newbie to blogs and truly savored you’re website Very likely I’m going to bookmark your website You su y have excellent stories With thanks for sharing with us your blog

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *