The world ocean is a crucial element for sustaining life on the planet. And changes in the “aquatic environment” will haunt not only the inhabitant of the seas and oceans, but also those who live on land. As reported by the editors of New Science magazine , citing data from the International Union for conservation of nature (IUCN), all the world’s oceans have lost about 2 percent oxygen in the last half century. And this raises a strong concern in the scientific community, but if this trend continues, the consequences could be disastrous.
Why the oxygen level in the ocean falls?
To the International Union for conservation of nature includes 67 scientists from 17 countries. All these experts have done extensive research on the saturation of the ocean with oxygen. They found that since the beginning of 1960 to the end of the year 2019, the level of oxygen in the oceans has decreased and continues to fall. This phenomenon, which they also call “deoxygenate”, largely due to climate change, and due to the effects of global warming and human activities. About the effects of global warming, we often write on our website, so please subscribeto stay up to date.
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If to speak about global climate change, the impact is quite obvious. Change “temperature curve” is impacting the water temperature. Large currents to change their temperature, which negatively affects the plants, producing oxygen in the aquatic environment (first of all, it’s algae). Less plants, less oxygen. But with human activity are all a little more interesting.
More on reducing the level of oxygen is affected by agriculture. The fact that the runoff of fertilizers and other components that people use to plow fields, sooner or later gets into groundwater and then into rivers and later into the oceans. There are these substances not only negatively affect local flora and fauna, but also bind some of the active forms of oxygen, greatly reducing its concentration in the aquatic environment.
Yes, we found that oxygen levels in the oceans have fallen by an average 2 percent. This decline may seem insignificant, however, even this level of losses will affect the life of all animals and plants. notes Dan Laffoley, one of the authors of the report. If you think that 2% is a small loss, then try to climb Everest, and on the way such a loss, believe me, is going to have a very strong influence. This is one trend that is not presented to the public, but greatly affects the environment. And we can already see the consequences of these changes. For example, the reduction of oxygen is the cause of the mass extinction of fishes in the ocean in several parts of the United States.
But in addition to the “ocean effects”, reducing the concentration of oxygen in the ocean, as the researchers note, may significantly affect the cycles of other elements, namely nitrogen and phosphorus, which are “necessary for life on Earth.” First and foremost, it is the basis of many nutrients and structural elements of cells. And this in turn will have implications for all organic life forms, including you and me.