To date, the possibility of transplantation of organs is no surprise. However, despite the fact that transplantation over the past several decades has progressed far enough, the main problem of this sector in view of the shortage of donor organs has not been solved. Therefore, scientists are constantly looking for a way out of the situation. Someone is betting on growing organs, that is, in vitro, and some hopes for xenotransplantation. That is, to transplant organs from animals to humans. And the first such transplant must happen this year.
What is xenotransplantation
Strictly speaking, the term “xenotransplantation” refers to transplantation of organs, tissues or cellular structures from an organism of one species to an organism of another species. That is transplantation from animals to humans is not limited. Why is it important? It’s simple: such experiments have already been conducted on other species. And these experiments have been very successful. And xenotransplantation is not confined to organ transplantation. Animals can be used as blood donors, stem cells, skin, nervous tissue and so on.
This is interesting: What can go wrong when growing human organs in pigs.
It should be understood that organs and tissues must be “grown” in a special way. That is, roughly speaking, you cannot take any animal and transplant the organ from a person. Organ just will not work correctly. That is why such experiments use genetically modified species. To inside them, so to speak, would have grown suitable for transplant organs.
From whom the transplanted organs?
According to the editors of The Guardian, the donors in this case are the genetically modified pig, and the person will be a kidney transplant. Now experts finish the preparatory stages of the operation and are in search of volunteers to carry out preliminary tests. Moreover, it is noteworthy in this case is this: the operating team will be the disciples of sir Terence English. This Briton Samant primarily to the fact that for the first time at Albion has carried out a successful heart transplant man. It happened 40 years ago.
If the result of kidney xenotransplantation from pigs to man is satisfactory, then we may expect that it will work with other bodies. So in the future we will be able to solve the problem of shortage of donor organs once and for all. said Terence English.
Moreover, British surgeons are very optimistic in their forecasts. If the kidney transplant scheduled for the second half of the current 2019, will be crowned with success, after 3 years, scientists intend to carry out a heart transplant. It should be noted that transplant organs from animals to humans talking for a long time. And at the moment there are virtually any obstacles. We will keep you informed and will tell you all about it in our news channel in the Telegram.
Doctors have already there are successful examples of such operations in the laboratory, have the technology to grow organs, the technique of the surgery are well known. As the conditions for successful rehabilitation of patients after surgery. There are drugs to suppress the immune response to organs were not rejected. Was only “put it together”. And I’d like to believe that the British surgeons will succeed.