Immediately disappoint fans of science fiction. In fact, you can’t survive a trip through a black hole. And if you try to get at least one of them, as did Matthew McConaughey in the movie “interstellar”, you will be torn to pieces long before you know what is inside a black hole. However, scientists are not just watching these mysterious space objects the last ten years. This allowed us to answer two questions: what is a black hole, and that (in theory) is inside of her.
What is a black hole?
To fully understand why you can’t just fall or run your spaceship into a black hole, you must first understand the basic properties of these space objects.
A black hole is a place where gravity is so strong that no light or anything else cannot escape.
Black holes are not just called that way because they do not reflect and do not emit light. They are visible only when absorb another star or gas cloud, which then can not escape the boundary of the black hole called the event horizon. Beyond the event horizon is a tiny point — a singularitywhere gravity is so intense that it infinitely curves space and time. It is here that the laws of physics as we know them, are violated, this means that all theories about what is inside a black hole is speculation.
Black holes seem exotic to most of us, but for scientists, that they spetsializiruyutsya, their study is very common. Physicists have theories about such objects for decades after the General theory of relativity, albert Einstein predicted the existence of black holes. However, this concept was not taken seriously until the 1960s, years before scientists witnessed the absorption of stars by black holes. Today black holes are considered to be part of stellar evolution, astronomers suspect that even in our milky Way galaxy millions of them.
What are black holes
Black holes come in different types and can be simulated with different levels of difficulty. For example, one can rotate and the other to contain an electric charge. So if you got one of them (well, let’s say, you would be torn to shreds before), your exact fate may depend on what kind of black hole you come across.
At the simplest level there are three types of black holes: stellar black holes, supermassive black holes , and black holes in high-mass (relic).
Black holes with the mass of stars are formed when very large stars end their life cycle and are destroyed. Relic black holes is still poorly understood, and for all time was found only a few such objects. But astronomers believe that their education is similar to that of supermassive black holes.
Supermassive black holes inhabit the centers of most galaxies and are likely to grow to incredible sizes. They are ten billion times more massive than our Sun — through the absorption of stars and merging with other black holes.
Stellar black holes in size may be negligible compared to their larger brothers, but in fact they have a more extreme tidal forces beyond their event horizon. This difference arises due to the special property of black holes that might surprise some casual observers. Smaller black holes have a stronger gravitational field than a supermassive. That is, you will soon notice the change in gravity near a small black hole.
What happens if you fall into a black hole?
Suppose you somehow managed to be in the space near a stellar black hole. How do find? The only hint that it exists, can be gravitational distortion or reflection from the stars that are close by.
But as soon as you come closer to this strange place, your body will be stretched in one direction and squashed in another is a process, which scientists call spagettification. They indicated a strong stretch objects vertically and horizontally (that is, the assimilation of their mind spaghetti), caused by a large tidal force is very strong nonhomogeneous gravitational field. In simple words, the gravity of a black hole will compress your body horizontal and in the vertical direction to pull it like taffy. You will not be able to breathe, speak and read our Telegram chat the more.
If you jumped into a black hole “soldier”, the gravitational force on your fingers would be much stronger than the force that pulls you over the head. Every piece of your body will be stretched in a different direction. The black hole will literally make you spaghetti.
Is it possible to survive falling into a black hole?
So, hitting a stellar black hole, you probably won’t be much to worry about “space” the secrets that you can access on the “other side”. You’ll be dead for hundreds of kilometers before will know the answer to this question.
This scenario is not totally based on theories and assumptions. Astronomers witnessed a “tidal destruction” in 2014, when several space telescopes have caught a star wandering too close to the black hole. The star was stretched and torn, causing part of it fell beyond the event horizon, and the rest was discarded into space.
In contrast to the drop in stellar black hole, your experience of immersion in or the relic supermassive black hole will be a little less nightmarish. Although the end result, a horrible death, still remain the only scenario. However, in theory you can go all the way to the event horizon and reach the singularity, is still alive. If you continue to fall towards the event horizon, you will eventually see the light of the stars is compressed to a tiny point behind you, changing the color to blue due to gravitational blue shift. And then… the darkness. Nothing. Inside the event horizon no light from the outside Universe will not be able to get to your vehicle. As you will no longer be able to go back.
So Matthew McConaughey was very lucky that everything in the movie was the special effects.