In the distant 1815, the famous French chemist of that time, Michel Chevrel synthesized a previously unknown substance, which he called the cholesterol (in a literal translation — “solid bile”). The fact that cholesterol belongs to the class of alcohols, was proved somewhat later by physicist Marcelina bartlo, which found the substance was renamed in a number of European countries, acquiring a more correct chemical name “cholesterol”. In the healthy human body this substance performs many useful functions, among which we can see the formation of bile acids, vitamin D, and even sex hormones. However, excess cholesterol in the blood can cause a number of serious chronic diseases. What was the reason this property of cholesterol and whether it is possible somehow to adjust its presence in the body?
The benefits and harms of cholesterol
As mentioned above, cholesterol in reasonable quantities is critical to normal functioning of vital body systems. Most of this substance produced by the liver, while about 20% of cholesterol is introduced to the body along with the foods we most often eat. Excess cholesterol causes accumulation of substances at the vessel walls, which adversely affects the cardiovascular system of man and leads to all kinds of health problems.
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Modern medicine knows that cholesterol can be subdivided into several independent species. So, there is the “good” cholesterol, which consists of special high-density lipoproteins; the “bad” cholesterol consists of low-density lipoproteins and the cholesterol free.
It is believed that bad cholesterol, causes the creation of those plaques inside the walls of blood vessels, which we so often repeat from advertising any Bud on TV. It is the deposition of harmful cholesterol in the blood vessels interfere with the normal transport of useful substances inside the body, increasing the risk of coronary heart disease.
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In addition to the possible development of cardiovascular diseases, elevated levels of cholesterol in the body can indicate many other diseases, among which stand out the liver disease, pathology of the endocrine system, diseases of the kidney and pancreas. However, lower cholesterol also does not guarantee you a wholesome person. It is known that low level of good cholesterol in the blood can indicate the possible presence of digestive problems, infectious infections, hypothyroidism or cirrhosis.
How to change the level of cholesterol in the blood?
In order to reduce the content of low-density lipoproteins in the blood, often it is recommended to follow a diet with total elimination of fatty and refined foods. First and foremost, you should refuse confectionery, sauces and mayonnaise, replacing them with more healthy poultry, eggs and lean fish.
Despite the fact that low cholesterol is much rarer than its elevated levels, nutritionists recommend to their patients with low content of this substance to diet including fatty fish, cheese, nuts and other saturated fats products.