Why the Universe has more matter than antimatter?

Why do we exist? This is perhaps the most profound question that may seem beyond elementary particle physics. But our new experiment at the Large hadron Collider at CERN has brought us closer to the answer. To understand why we exist, you first have to go 13.8 billion years ago, in the time of the Big Bang. This event is made equal to the amount of substance of which we consist, and antimatter.

It is believed that every particle has a partner of antimatter, which is almost identical but has the opposite charge. When a particle and its antiparticle meet, they annihilate — disappearing in a flash of light.

Where’s all the antimatter?

Why the universe we see consists entirely of matter, it is one of the greatest mysteries of modern physics. If ever there were an equal amount of antimatter, everything in the Universe would be annihilated. And now, a recently published study seems to have found a new source of asymmetry between matter and antimatter.

About antimatter was the first to speak Arthur Schuster in 1896, and then in 1928 Paul Dirac gave her a theoretical justification, and in 1932 Carl Anderson found it in the form of antielectrons, called positrons. Positrons are born in natural radioactive processes, e.g. the decay of potassium-40. This means that conventional banana (contains potassium) emit a positron every 75 minutes. He then annihilate with electrons in matter, producing light. Medical applications such as PET scanners also produce antimatter in a similar process.

The basic building blocks of matter composed of atoms are the elementary particles — the quarks and leptons. There are six types of quarks: top, bottom, strange, charmed, true and beautiful. Similarly, there are six leptons: electron, muon, Tau and three neutrinos. There is also antimatter copies of these twelve particles that differ only in their charge.

Particles of antimatter, in principle, should be a perfect mirror reflection of their normal companions. But experiments show that this is not always the case. Take, for example, the particles known as mesons, which consist of one quark and one antiquark. Neutral mesons have an amazing feature: they can spontaneously turn into its anti-meson, and Vice versa. In this process, the quark becomes an antiquark antiquark or quark turns into. However, experiments have shown that it may occur more frequently in one direction than in another — as a result, matter becomes greater over time than antimatter.

Third time’s the charm

Among the particles containing quarks, such asymmetry was found only in strange and beautiful quarks — and these discoveries were extremely important. The first observation of the asymmetry involving strange particles in 1964 allowed the theorists to predict the existence of six quarks — at a time when it was known that there are only three. The opening of the beautiful asymmetry of the particles in 2001 was the final confirmation of the mechanism that led to the picture of six quarks. Both discovery brought the Nobel prize.

And strange, and beautiful quarks carry a negative electrical charge. The only positively charged quark, which in theory should be able to form particles that can exhibit the asymmetry of matter and antimatter is enchanted. Theory suggests that he does, its effect should be negligible and hard to find.

But the LHCb experiment at the Large hadron Collider was able to observe this asymmetry in particles called D-mesons, which are composed of charmed quarks. This was made possible thanks to the unprecedented number of charmed particles produced in collisions at the LHC. The result shows that the probability that a statistical fluctuation is 50 billion.

If this asymmetry does not arise from the same mechanism that leads to the strange and beautiful asymmetries of the quarks, there is a space for new sources of asymmetry matter-anti-matter, which can add to the total of such asymmetry in the Universe. And this is important, as several famous cases of asymmetry can not explain why the Universe is so much matter. Single opening with charmed quarks is not enough to fill this problem, but it is an important piece of the puzzle in understanding the interaction between fundamental particles.

The following steps

This opening will be followed by a growing number of theoretical works that help in the interpretation of the result. But more importantly, it will identify further tests to better understand our inception — some of these tests already conducted.

In the coming decade the upgraded LHCb experiment will increase the sensitivity of such measurements. It will be complemented by the Belle II experiment in Japan, which only starts to work.

Antimatter is also the basis of several other experiments. Whole in which anti-atoms produced at the Antiproton decelerator of CERN, and they provide a number of experiments to conduct high-precision measurements. The AMS-2 experiment on Board the International space station, is in search of antimatter of cosmic origin. A number of current and future experiments will be devoted to the question of whether the asymmetry of matter-antimatter among neutrinos.

Although we still cannot fully solve the mystery of the asymmetry of matter and antimatter, our latest discovery opened the door to an era of precise measurements that can uncover even unknown phenomena. There is every reason to believe that one day physics will be able to explain why we’re even here.

Do you know why? If you know, tell us in our chat in Telegram.

0 Comments on “Why the Universe has more matter than antimatter?”

  1. Hey, how’s it going?

    I want to pass along some very important news that everyone needs to hear!

    In December of 2017, Donald Trump made history by recognizing Jerusalem as the captial of Israel Why is this big news? Because by this the Jewish people of Israel are now able to press forward in bringing about the Third Temple prophesied in the Bible

    The Jewish people deny Jesus as their Messiah and have stated that their Messiah has been identified and is waiting to be revealed They say this man will rule the world under a one world igion called spiritualism

    They even printed a coin to raise money for the Temple with Donald Trumps face on the front and with king Cyrus'(who built the second Temple) behind him On the back of the coin is an image of the third Temple

    The Bible says this false Messiah who seats himself in the Third Temple will be thee antichrist that will bring about the Great Tribulation, though the Jewish people believe he will bring about world peace It will be a false peace for a period of time You can watch interviews of Jewish Rabbi’s in Israel speaking of these things They have their plans set in place It is only years away!

    More importantly, the power that runs the world wants to put a RFID microchip in our body making us total slaves to them This chip matches perfectly with the Mark of the Beast in the Bible, more specifically Revelation 13:16-18:

    He causes all, both small and great, rich and poor, free and slave, to receive a mark on their right hand or on their foreheads, and that no one may buy or sell except one who has the mark or the name of the beast, or the number of his name

    Here is wisdom Let him who has understanding calculate the number of the beast, for it is the number of a man: His number is 666

    Referring to the last days, this could only be speaking of a cashless society, which we have yet to see, but are heading towards Otherwise, we could still buy or sell without the mark amongst others if physical money was still currency RFID microchip implant technology will be the future of a one world cashless society containing digital currency It will be implanted in the right-hand or the forehead, and we cannot buy or sell without it! We must grow strong in Jesus AT ALL COSTS, DO NOT TAKE IT!

    Then a third angel followed them, saying with a loud voice, “If anyone worships the beast and his image, and receives his mark on his forehead or on his hand, he himself shall also drink of the wine of the wrath of God, which is poured out full strength into the cup of His indignation He shall be tormented with fire and brimstone in the presence of the holy angels and in the presence of the Lamb And the smoke of their torment ascends forever and ever; and they have no rest day or night, who worship the beast and his image, and whoever receives the mark of his name ” (Revelation 14:9-11)

    People have been saying the end is coming for many years, but we need two key things One, the Third Temple, and two, the technology for a cashless society to fulfill the prophecy of the Mark of the Beast

    VISIT WWW BIBLEFREEDOM COM TO SEE PROOF FOR THESE THINGS AND MUCH MORE! TELL YOUR FRIENDS AND FAMILY SHARE THIS MESSAGE!

  2. Hey, how’s it going?

    I want to pass along some very important news that everyone needs to hear!

    In December of 2017, Donald Trump made history by recognizing Jerusalem as the captial of Israel Why is this big news? Because by this the Jewish people of Israel are now able to press forward in bringing about the Third Temple prophesied in the Bible

    The Jewish people deny Jesus as their Messiah and have stated that their Messiah has been identified and is waiting to be revealed They say this man will rule the world under a one world igion called spiritualism

    They even printed a coin to raise money for the Temple with Donald Trumps face on the front and with king Cyrus'(who built the second Temple) behind him On the back of the coin is an image of the third Temple

    The Bible says this false Messiah who seats himself in the Third Temple will be thee antichrist that will bring about the Great Tribulation, though the Jewish people believe he will bring about world peace It will be a false peace for a period of time You can watch interviews of Jewish Rabbi’s in Israel speaking of these things They have their plans set in place It is only years away!

    More importantly, the power that runs the world wants to put a RFID microchip in our body making us total slaves to them This chip matches perfectly with the Mark of the Beast in the Bible, more specifically Revelation 13:16-18:

    He causes all, both small and great, rich and poor, free and slave, to receive a mark on their right hand or on their foreheads, and that no one may buy or sell except one who has the mark or the name of the beast, or the number of his name

    Here is wisdom Let him who has understanding calculate the number of the beast, for it is the number of a man: His number is 666

    Referring to the last days, this could only be speaking of a cashless society, which we have yet to see, but are heading towards Otherwise, we could still buy or sell without the mark amongst others if physical money was still currency RFID microchip implant technology will be the future of a one world cashless society containing digital currency It will be implanted in the right-hand or the forehead, and we cannot buy or sell without it! We must grow strong in Jesus AT ALL COSTS, DO NOT TAKE IT!

    Then a third angel followed them, saying with a loud voice, “If anyone worships the beast and his image, and receives his mark on his forehead or on his hand, he himself shall also drink of the wine of the wrath of God, which is poured out full strength into the cup of His indignation He shall be tormented with fire and brimstone in the presence of the holy angels and in the presence of the Lamb And the smoke of their torment ascends forever and ever; and they have no rest day or night, who worship the beast and his image, and whoever receives the mark of his name ” (Revelation 14:9-11)

    People have been saying the end is coming for many years, but we need two key things One, the Third Temple, and two, the technology for a cashless society to fulfill the prophecy of the Mark of the Beast

    VISIT WWW BIBLEFREEDOM COM TO SEE PROOF FOR THESE THINGS AND MUCH MORE! TELL YOUR FRIENDS AND FAMILY SHARE THIS MESSAGE!

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